Best answer: What is the relationship between DNA chromosomes and chromatin?

Chromatin is a substance within a chromosome consisting of DNA and protein. The DNA carries the cell’s genetic instructions. The major proteins in chromatin are histones, which help package the DNA in a compact form that fits in the cell nucleus.

What is the relationship between DNA and chromatin quizlet?

Explain the relationship between DNA, chromatin, and chromosome. DNA is the carrier of genetic information. Chromatins are the relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of the cell. and Chromosomes are DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from one generation to another.

What is the relationship between DNA and chromosome?

The chromosomes serve as the structure that holds the DNA. The DNA acts as a complete set of instructions that tells our bodies how to develop. Storing more data than any computer, each chromosome contains all the information needed to give you a base for your physical (and emotional) characteristics.

IT IS SURPRISING:  Why is mitosis diploid and meiosis haploid?

What is the relationship between chromosomes and chromatin quizlet?

Chromatin is the DNA and proteins that make up a chromosome. Chromosomes are the separate pieces of DNA in a cell.

What is the difference between chromosomes and chromatin?

The DNA is packaged by special proteins called histones to form chromatin. The chromatin further condenses to form chromosomes. This means chromatin is lower order of DNA organization whereas chromosomes are higher order of DNA organization.

How are chromatin chromosome gene and DNA related to cell cycle?

​Chromatin

The DNA carries the cell’s genetic instructions. The major proteins in chromatin are histones, which help package the DNA in a compact form that fits in the cell nucleus. Changes in chromatin structure are associated with DNA replication and gene expression.

What is the difference between chromosome and chromatin Class 9?

Answer: Chromatin is the DNA fibers which are scattered all over inside the nucleus in the interphase of mitosis. Whereas chromosome is a highly condensed chromatin or DNA fiber which is seen just prior to a cell division, be it mitosis or meiosis.

Is the DNA in each chromosome the same?

Different chromosomes contain different genes. That is, each chromosome contains a specific chunk of the genome. … Human cells contain 23 pairs of chromosomes. Most of an organism’s chromosomes—generally all except for one pair—are called autosomes, which are the same in males and females.

What is the difference between DNA chromosomes chromatin and chromatids?

So the chromatin is a lower order of DNA organization, while chromosomes are the higher order of DNA organization. Chromosomes are single-stranded groupings of condensed chromatin. … A chromatid is either of the two strands of a replicated chromosome. Chromatids connected by a centromere are called sister chromatids.

IT IS SURPRISING:  Do fruit flies have more DNA than humans?

What do you mean by chromatin?

Chromatin is a complex of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. … Each nucleosome is composed of DNA wrapped around eight proteins called histones.

What is a chromatin in biology quizlet?

chromatin. The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up eukaryotic chromosomes. When the cell is not dividing, chromatin exists in its dispersed form, as a mass of very long, thin fibers that are not visible with a light microscope.

How are chromatin and chromosomes related to each other Class 9?

How are chromatin, chromatid and chromosomes related to each other? Answer: Inside the nucleoplasm a tangled mass of thread-like structures is called chromatin. … When a cell starts to divide, the tangled mass of chromatin condense into long threads and finally rod-like bodies called chromosomes.

What is the similarity and difference between chromatin network chromatid and chromosome?

A chromosome is made up two Identical Sister Chromatids.

Difference between Chromosome and Chromatid
Chromosomes have centromeres It is the Sister Chromatids only who have centromeres
DNA is utilized during macromolecule synthesis (synthesis of complex proteins) DNA is not utilized during macromolecule synthesis