Down syndrome can affect learning abilities in different ways, but it usually causes mild to moderate intellectual impairment. Children with Down syndrome have delays in speech and motor skills, and may need help with self-care, such as dressing and grooming.
Why is it hard to learn with Down syndrome?
Verbal short-term memory
The ability of children with Down syndrome to hold and process verbal information is not as good as their ability to hold and process visual information. These verbal short-term memory problems make it more difficult to learn new words and sentences.
How does Down syndrome affect a person intellectually?
Cognitive impairment, problems with thinking and learning, is common in people with Down syndrome and usually ranges from mild to moderate. Only rarely is Down syndrome associated with severe cognitive impairment. Other common cognitive and behavioral problems may include1,2,3,4: Short attention span.
Is Down syndrome a learning disability?
People with Down’s Syndrome can lead healthy, happy lives. They will have some level of learning disability, though the severity will vary from individual to individual. This doesn’t mean they won’t be able to learn, just that they may need extra support to find the learning method that works best for them.
How do students with Down syndrome learn?
Students with Down syndrome generally demonstrate good social skills, which can be constructively utilised to increase learning and teaching opportunities. Tactile demonstrations and activities also appeal to many students with Down syndrome. Directly teach timetables, routines and school rules to students.
Why is it important to learn about Down syndrome?
Down syndrome is associated with increased risks of some health problems, including heart defects, hearing loss, weakened immune systems, poor eyesight and a heightened risk of early-onset dementia. Many of these problems are treatable given knowledgeable and well-resourced medical care.
What challenges do you experience when teaching Down syndrome?
Some of the specific learning difficulties that characterize many children with Down syndrome include:
- Hearing and vision weakness.
- Fine motor skill impairment due to low muscle tone.
- Weak auditory memory.
- Short attention span and distractibility.
- Sequencing difficulties.
How does Down syndrome affect children’s development?
Down syndrome is a genetic condition that happens when a child is born with an extra chromosome. The extra chromosome affects the way the child’s brain and body develop, leading to developmental delays, intellectual disability and an increased risk for certain medical issues.
How does Down syndrome affect language development?
Most children with Down syndrome seem to have considerably more difficulty in learning the grammar and syntax of the language than with learning lexical items. Most children with Down syndrome show specific productive delays, first in being able to say single words and then in being able to produce sequences of words.
How does Down syndrome affect the brain?
We know that people with Down syndrome have difficulties with brain function, including problems with learning, memory and speech throughout life, as well as the onset in later life of increased cognitive problems associated with the brain changes of Alzheimer’s disease.
How does Down syndrome affect adolescence?
Adolescents with Down syndrome go through changes associated with puberty at the same time and in the same order as their peers. Sometimes their lack of emotional maturity makes this a very difficult time and they require plenty of information, support and guidance to help them through.
How does Down syndrome affect a person emotionally?
The psychosocial and environmental triggers also lead to a state of generalized anxiety, obsessive compulsive symptoms, and depression and sleep difficulties. They may be associated with weight loss, poor self care, and inability to be motivated to attend school or go to work placements.
Most children and adults with Down syndrome continue to develop good social skills and appropriate social behaviour, though a significant minority may develop difficult behaviours, particularly those with the greatest delays in speech and language development.
How do Down syndrome students get motivated?
How Do You Accommodate Students With Down Syndrome?
- First, always speak directly to the student, using clear, receptive language and short sentences.
- Place a strong emphasis on visual learning when teaching reading to students with Down syndrome. Think visual demonstrations, pictures, and illustrations.
How does having Down syndrome affect thinking planning and problem solving cognitive development?
[e.g.12,13] The questionnaire studies indicate that children with Down syndrome tend to show specific difficulties in working memory and planning but not in shifting or emotional control when compared with mental age matched typically developing children.