How many chromosomes would you expect to find in the body cell of a potato?

Common cultivated potato varieties include tetraploid (2n = 4x = 48) with a basic chromosome number of 12, while there are cultivated species at the diploid (2n = 2x = 24) to pentaploid (2n =5x = 60) levels.

Why do potatoes have 48 chromosomes?

Potatoes also have 48 chromosomes, but they are quite different to human or gorilla chromosomes. It is pure coincidence that potatoes have 48 chromosomes, there no significance to the fact that they share this number with the Great Apes or with any other species that exists (which they certainly will).

What is the total number of chromosomes you would expect to find in a human body cell?

In humans, each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46. Twenty-two of these pairs, called autosomes, look the same in both males and females.

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How many chromosomes would you expect to be in the daughter cells of the mosquito after meiosis?

Each daughter cell will have 30 chromosomes.

Do potatoes have XY chromosomes?

Ten sex chromosomes. Males have X1Y1X2Y2X3Y3X4Y4X5Y5, females have X1X1X2X2X3X3X4X4X5X5. This is for the cultivated species G. hirsutum (allotetraploid, 2n=4x=52).

How many genes do potatoes have?

As the first genome sequence of an asterid, the potato genome reveals 2,642 genes specific to this large angiosperm clade.

What does 2n 16 mean?

2n = 16, n is the haploid number of chromosomes. 2n = 16, it means n = 8. The haploid number of chromosomes is 8. The sperm and egg cells have a haploid number of chromosomes. Thus, it will have 8 chromosomes in their cell.

What does 2n 80 mean in biology?

As you might know diploid organisms have 2 pairs of chromosomes (1 from each parent). In genetics we call the diploid state 2n and the haploid state representing the number of chromosomes in sperm or egg cells 1n. So in the catshark we would say 2n=80 or 1n=40.

What is karyotype 46 XY?

A 46, XY disorder of sex development (DSD) is a condition in which an individual with one X chromosome and one Y chromosome in each cell , the pattern normally found in males, have genitalia that is not clearly male or female.

How many chromosomes will there be in cell 14?

Humans normally have 46 chromosomes in each cell, divided into 23 pairs. Two copies of chromosome 14, one copy inherited from each parent, form one of the pairs. Chromosome 14 spans more than 107 million DNA building blocks (base pairs) and represents about 3.5 percent of the total DNA in cells.

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What happens to chromosomes when a cell divides by meiosis?

Reduction division

Meiosis produces four genetically different haploid cells. Unlike mitosis, meiosis is a reduction division – the chromosome number is halved from diploid (46 chromosomes in 23 pairs in humans) to haploid (23 chromosomes in humans).

What happens to chromosomes in the nucleus of a body cell when it forms reproductive cells?

Specialized cells in the testes and the ovaries, called germ cells, undergo meiosis to form the reproductive cells. The reproductive cells, spermatozoa and oocytes, have half the number of chromosomes as the parent germ cell.

How many chromosomes would you expect to be in the daughter cells?

At this point, nuclear division begins, and the parent cell is divided in half, forming 2 daughter cells. Each daughter cell will have half of the original 46 chromosomes, or 23 chromosomes.

How many chromosomes are in a daughter cell if the cell has 16 chromosomes before mitosis?

Assuming that the organism is diploid, if a parent cell has 16 chromosomes and undergoes meiosis, the resulting cells will have exactly 8 chromosomes…

How many chromosomes does each daughter cell will have if the parent cell containing 4 chromosomes underwent mitosis?

Explanation: If a human cell undergoes mitosis its daughter cells will have 46.