Is Turner syndrome a type of dwarfism?

What is Turner’s syndrome classified as?

Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder affecting girls and women. The cause of Turner syndrome is a completely or partially missing X chromosome. Turner syndrome symptoms include short stature and lack of breast development and periods. Treatment for Turner syndrome may include hormone therapy.

What are the 2 types of dwarfism?

There are two main categories of dwarfism — disproportionate and proportionate. Disproportionate dwarfism is characterized by an average-size torso and shorter arms and legs or a shortened trunk with longer limbs. In proportionate dwarfism, the body parts are in proportion but shortened.

Is Turner syndrome a form of retardation?

Unlike some other genetic conditions, Turner Syndrome does not cause mental retardation or decreased intelligence. However some girls with Turner Syndrome have learning disabilities, especially in areas involving spatial skills, such as math.

Which condition is a type of dwarfism?

The most common cause of dwarfism is a disorder called achondroplasia, which causes disproportionately short stature. This disorder usually results in the following: An average-size trunk. Short arms and legs, with particularly short upper arms and upper legs.

Why does Turner syndrome only affect females?

The condition only occurs in females. Most commonly, a female with Turner syndrome has only 1 X chromosome. Others may have 2 X chromosomes, but one of them is incomplete. Sometimes, a female has some cells with 2 X chromosomes, but other cells have only 1.

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Can males have Turner syndrome?

Turner syndrome, characterized by the presence of a monosomy X cell line, is a common chromosomal dis- order. Patients with Turner syndrome are usually phenotypically female, and male cases are rarely reported.