Question: How does Down syndrome affect a child?

Down syndrome is a genetic condition that happens when a child is born with an extra chromosome. The extra chromosome affects the way the child’s brain and body develop, leading to developmental delays, intellectual disability and an increased risk for certain medical issues.

How does a child with Down syndrome behave?

For example, children with Down syndrome show higher rates (than typically developing children) of attention problems, social withdrawal, noncompliance, and compulsions (such as arranging objects and repeating certain actions)[2,3], as well as high rates of self-talk.

What challenges do children with Down syndrome face?

These complications can include:

  • Heart defects. About half the children with Down syndrome are born with some type of congenital heart defect. …
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) defects. …
  • Immune disorders. …
  • Sleep apnea. …
  • Obesity. …
  • Spinal problems. …
  • Leukemia. …
  • Dementia.

How does Down syndrome affect a person’s life?

People with Down syndrome often experience a gradual decline in thinking ability (cognition) as they age, usually starting around age 50. Down syndrome is also associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer disease, a brain disorder that results in a gradual loss of memory, judgment, and ability to function.

What part of the body does Down syndrome affect?

Down syndrome, the most common chromosome-related genetic condition in the U.S., affects development of the brain and body. People with Down syndrome face physical and mental challenges, but can lead full and happy lives.

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Do babies with Down syndrome cry?

Children with Down syndrome are children, above all else. As babies they cry and sleep, and as they grow they walk and talk. If you’re caring for a child with Down syndrome, you might face some challenges different to other parents.