What do you mean by Turner syndrome?

Overview. Turner syndrome, a condition that affects only females, results when one of the X chromosomes (sex chromosomes) is missing or partially missing. Turner syndrome can cause a variety of medical and developmental problems, including short height, failure of the ovaries to develop and heart defects.

What causes Turner syndrome?

Turner syndrome occurs when part or all of an X chromosome is missing from most or all of the cells in a girl’s body. A girl normally receives one X chromosome from each parent. The error that leads to the missing chromosome appears to happen during the formation of the egg or sperm.

What is Turner’s syndrome an example of?

Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder affecting girls and women. The cause of Turner syndrome is a completely or partially missing X chromosome. Turner syndrome symptoms include short stature and lack of breast development and periods. Treatment for Turner syndrome may include hormone therapy.

When does Turner syndrome occur?

Turner syndrome is a chromosomal condition that affects development in females. The most common feature of Turner syndrome is short stature, which becomes evident by about age 5. An early loss of ovarian function (ovarian hypofunction or premature ovarian failure) is also very common.

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Who is affected by Turner Syndrome?

Turner syndrome is a genetic condition found in females only. It affects about 1 in every 2,500 girls. Girls who have this condition usually are shorter than average and infertile due to early loss of ovarian function.

Can a Turner syndrome girl get pregnant?

It is caused by a random error that leads to a missing X chromosome in the sperm or egg of a parent. Very few pregnancies in which the fetus has Turner Syndrome result in live births. Most end in early pregnancy loss. Most women with Turner syndrome cannot get pregnant naturally.

Can Turner syndrome affect males?

Most females have a pair of sex chromosomes designated as XX, and most males have a pair of sex chromosomes designated as XY. In Turner syndrome, which only affects females, there is a partially or completely missing X chromosome.

What are three symptoms of Turner’s syndrome?

Features of Turner syndrome may include a short neck with a webbed appearance, low hairline at the back of the neck, low-set ears, hands and feet that are swollen or puffy at birth, and soft nails that turn upward. Stature. Girls with Turner syndrome grow more slowly than other children.

What other names are there for Turner syndrome?

Other names for Turner’s syndrome include monosomy X, 45X and Ullrich-Turner syndrome.

How is Turner syndrome treated?

There is no cure for Turner syndrome, but therapies have been developed that can improve physical development. With proper medical care, females with Turner syndrome should be able to lead full, productive lives. The primary therapies for affected individuals are growth hormone therapy and estrogen therapy.

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Why does Turner syndrome only affect females?

The condition only occurs in females. Most commonly, a female with Turner syndrome has only 1 X chromosome. Others may have 2 X chromosomes, but one of them is incomplete. Sometimes, a female has some cells with 2 X chromosomes, but other cells have only 1.

What is the survival rate of Turner’s syndrome?

In a prospective study of 156 female patients with Turner’s syndrome who had survived infancy and been followed up for an average of 17 years there were 15 deaths. The expected mortality was 3.6. Sixteen of the patients had a congenital heart anomaly and five of the deaths occurred in this group.

Does my daughter have Turner syndrome?

Girls with Turner syndrome are usually diagnosed either at birth or around the time they might be expected to go through puberty. If a baby girl has some of the signs of Turner syndrome, a doctor will usually order a special blood test called a karyotype (pronounced: CARE-ee-oh-tipe).