Individual chromosomes are arranged in the cell equator in both types of divisions. Both types of divisions separate sister chromatids from chromosomes. Both produce two daughter cells from a parent cell. The ploidy of the parent cell remains the same in daughter cells.
Are meiosis II and mitosis the same?
The major difference between meiosis II and mitosis is the ploidy of the starting cell. Meiosis II begins with two haploid cells, which have half the number of chromosomes as somatic cells. … Mitosis begins with a diploid cell. It will divide into two sister cells, both of which are also diploid.
Which is more similar to mitosis meiosis I or meiosis II?
Meiosis I and II are similar in some aspects, including the number and arrangement of their phases and the production of two cells from a single cell. However, they also differ greatly, with meiosis I being reductive division and meiosis II being equational division. In this way, meiosis II is more similar to mitosis.
What are two similarities and two differences between mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis produces two cells from one parent using one division event. But meiosis produces four new child cells with two divisions, each of which has half the genetic material of its parent. Mitosis takes place all over the body, while meiosis only takes place in the sex organs and produces sex cells.
In what way is meiosis 2 similar to and different from mitosis of a diploid cell?
The mechanics of meiosis II are similar to mitosis, except that each dividing cell has only one set of homologous chromosomes, each with two chromatids. Therefore, each cell has half the number of sister chromatids to separate out as a diploid cell undergoing mitosis.
What are similarities between mitosis and meiosis II What is the significant difference between them?
Meiosis II is very similar to mitosis; chromatids are separated into separate nuclei. As in mitosis, it is spindle fibres that “pull” the chromosomes and chromatids apart. The end result of meiosis is four cells, each with one complete set of chromosomes instead of two sets of chromosomes.
What stage of meiosis is similar to mitosis?
Meiosis II is most similar to mitosis as in meiosis II it is the centromere between two sister chromatids which lines up on the metaphasal equator and not the chiasma joining two homologous chromosomes as in meiosis I.
What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis division?
Mitosis involves the division of body cells, while meiosis involves the division of sex cells. … Daughter cells that are the product of mitosis are genetically identical. Daughter cells produced after meiosis are genetically diverse. Tetrad formation occurs in meiosis but not mitosis.
Which division in meiosis is more similar to mitosis in which division do sister chromatids separate from each other?
Cytokinesis produces four haploid daughter cells from the original diploid cell. OBJECTIVEDistinguish processes and outcomes of meiosis I and meiosis II. Meiosis I is the reduction division, and meiosis II is more similar to mitosis in that the sister chromatids are separated.
How are mitosis and meiosis similar and different quizlet?
Meiosis is a type of cell division that produces four cells, each with half of the number of chromosomes as the parent cell. … Mitosis produces 2 identical cells, while meiosis produces 4. Meiosis are genetically different, while mitosis is genetically identical.
What is one way mitosis and meiosis are similar?
The biggest similarity between the two is that they both produce new cells. … Both mitosis and meiosis begin with a single parent cell which eventually splits to form new daughter cells. They also both are preceded by interphase, a period of growth (sometimes lasting up to 90% of the cell’s life) when DNA is synthesized.
What do mitosis and meiosis have in common quizlet?
What does mitosis and meiosis have in common? They both are involved in cell division. What is asexual reproduction? When a new organism is produced from one organism.
In what ways is meiosis II similar to and different from mitosis of a diploid cell quizlet?
In what ways is meiosis II similar to and different from mitosis of a diploid cell? The two divisions are similar in that the chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate individually, meaning unpaired with other chromosomes (as in meiosis I).
What is a major difference between meiosis II and mitosis quizlet?
Meiosis II occurs in a haploid cell, while mitosis occurs in diploid cells. A triploid cell contains three sets of homologous chromosomes.
What is the difference between meiosis and meiosis 2?
In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate, while in meiosis II, sister chromatids separate. Meiosis II produces 4 haploid daughter cells, whereas meiosis I produces 2 diploid daughter cells. Genetic recombination (crossing over) only occurs in meiosis I.