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The Hardy-Weinberg equation is a mathematical equation that can be used to calculate the genetic variation of a population at equilibrium.

## What is the purpose of the Hardy-Weinberg principle?

In population genetics, the Hardy–Weinberg principle, also known as the Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium, model, theorem, or law, states that allele and genotype frequencies in a population will remain constant from generation to generation in the absence of other evolutionary influences.

## Why is the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium equation important?

Importance: The Hardy-Weinberg model enables us to compare a population’s actual genetic structure over time with the genetic structure we would expect if the population were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (i.e., not evolving).

## What is the purpose of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium quizlet?

Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium: the condition in which both allele and genotype frequencies in a population remain constant from generation to generation unless specific disturbances occur.

## What does Hardy-Weinberg equation predict for the new P and Q?

Record the genotypes after each generation and calculate the frequencies for p and q as usual. 1. What does the Hardy-Weinberg equation predict for the new p and q? That the frequency of AA alleles is 46% while the frequency of the aa alleles is 54%.

## What happens at Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?

The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium is a principle stating that the genetic variation in a population will remain constant from one generation to the next in the absence of disturbing factors. … For instance, mutations disrupt the equilibrium of allele frequencies by introducing new alleles into a population.

## What does the Hardy-Weinberg model show?

The Hardy-Weinberg principle states that a population’s allele and genotype frequencies will remain constant in the absence of evolutionary mechanisms. Ultimately, the Hardy-Weinberg principle models a population without evolution under the following conditions: no mutations. no immigration/emigration.

## What is the Hardy Weinberg equation and what do the different components of the equation refer to?

The Hardy-Weinberg Equation

p = the frequency of the dominant allele in a population. q = the frequency of the recessive allele in a population. 2pq = the frequency of the heterozygous dominant genotype. p2 = the frequency of homozygous dominant genotype.

## Why do population biologists use the Hardy − Weinberg equation quizlet?

Why is the Hardy−Weinberg principle useful when studying population genetics? It explains how alleles and genotypes behave in a nonevolving population, because the Hardy-Weinberg principle gives biologists a baseline to evaluate whether or not evolution is occurring in a population.

## How can the Hardy-Weinberg equation be used to predict the next generation?

To generalize: if the allele frequencies are p and q, then at Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium you will have (p + q) X (p + q) = p^{2} + 2pq + q^{2} as the distribution of the genotypes. The frequency of AA individual will be p^{2}. The frequency of Aa individuals will be 2pq. The frequency of aa individuals will be q^{2}.