What learning disabilities are associated with Turner syndrome?

For example, Turner syndrome is a proposed etiology of the nonverbal learning disability – because of reported relative strengths in verbal skills, and relatively weaker nonverbal skills – particularly in arithmetic, select visuospatial skills, and processing speed.

Can Turner syndrome cause learning disabilities?

Girls with Turner syndrome usually have normal intelligence, but some may have learning problems, particularly in math. Many also struggle with tasks requiring spatial skills, such as map reading or visual organization. Hearing problems are more common in girls with TS.

Does Turner syndrome cause intellectual disability?

Intelligence is usually normal in females with Turner syndrome. However, affected females may develop learning disabilities, especially difficulties with visual-spatial relationships.

Does Turner’s syndrome affect cognitive development?

Females with Turner syndrome (TS) often demonstrate a unique cognitive profile characterized by relative strengths in verbal domains and weaknesses in visual-spatial and executive areas. Several studies also suggest that girls with TS are at risk for social cognitive and emotion processing difficulties.

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Does Turner syndrome affect mental abilities?

Unlike some other genetic conditions, Turner Syndrome does not cause mental retardation or decreased intelligence. However some girls with Turner Syndrome have learning disabilities, especially in areas involving spatial skills, such as math.

Why does Turner syndrome only affect females?

The condition only occurs in females. Most commonly, a female with Turner syndrome has only 1 X chromosome. Others may have 2 X chromosomes, but one of them is incomplete. Sometimes, a female has some cells with 2 X chromosomes, but other cells have only 1.

How does Turner syndrome affect social development?

These include selective impairments in nonverbal skills, slowed response times, increased rates of attention deficit disorder, increased risk for social anxiety, immaturity, depression, and anxiety. Shyness, social anxiety, and reduced self-esteem generally relate to the premature ovarian failure and fertility issues.

What trisomy is Turner syndrome?

Trisomy 13, 18, 21, Triploidy and Turner syndrome: the 5T’s.

What type of genetic disorder is Turner syndrome?

Turner syndrome (TS), sometimes referred to as congenital ovarian hypoplasia syndrome, is a genetic disorder. It is the most common sex chromosomal abnormality affecting girls and women. More specifically, it’s a problem with one of the two X chromosomes — the thread-like structures inside cells that are made of DNA.

Can Turner syndrome affect males?

Most females have a pair of sex chromosomes designated as XX, and most males have a pair of sex chromosomes designated as XY. In Turner syndrome, which only affects females, there is a partially or completely missing X chromosome.

Is Klinefelter syndrome an intellectual disability?

Intellectual disability occurs in males with Klinefelter syndrome variants, who have a higher number of X chromosomes. About 70% of patients have minor developmental and learning disabilities.

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What is the life expectancy of a person with Turner syndrome?

What is the long-term outlook for people with Turner syndrome? The long-term outlook ( prognosis ) for people with Turner syndrome is typically good. Life expectancy is slightly shorter than average but may be improved by addressing and treating associated chronic illnesses, such as obesity and hypertension .

Is Turner syndrome autism?

Individuals with Turner syndrome often display social difficulties that are reminiscent of those associated with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD), conditions associated with empathy and mirror-neuron system (MNS) deficits.

Which are characteristic of Turner syndrome?

Features of Turner syndrome may include a short neck with a webbed appearance, low hairline at the back of the neck, low-set ears, hands and feet that are swollen or puffy at birth, and soft nails that turn upward. Stature. Girls with Turner syndrome grow more slowly than other children.

What are the specific symptoms of Turner syndrome?

Signs of Turner syndrome at birth or during infancy may include:

  • Wide or weblike neck.
  • Low-set ears.
  • Broad chest with widely spaced nipples.
  • High, narrow roof of the mouth (palate)
  • Arms that turn outward at the elbows.
  • Fingernails and toenails that are narrow and turned upward.