Which best describes a gamete?

A gamete contains only a single (haploid) set of chromosomes. Animal egg and sperm cells, the nuclei carried in grains of pollen, and egg cells in plant ovules are all gametes.

Which is best described as gamete?

Gametes are an organism’s reproductive cells. They are also referred to as sex cells. Female gametes are called ova or egg cells, and male gametes are called sperm. Gametes are haploid cells, and each cell carries only one copy of each chromosome. These cells develop into sperm or ova. …

What is a gamete simple definition?

gamete, sex, or reproductive, cell containing only one set of dissimilar chromosomes, or half the genetic material necessary to form a complete organism (i.e., haploid). … During fertilization, male and female gametes fuse, producing a diploid (i.e., containing paired chromosomes) zygote.

What is gamete and its example?

In short a gamete is an egg cell (female gamete) or a sperm (male gamete). … This is an example of anisogamy or heterogamy, the condition in which females and males produce gametes of different sizes (this is the case in humans; the human ovum has approximately 100,000 times the volume of a single human sperm cell).

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What is gamete quizlet?

Gamete. A sex cell that contains the haploid of chromosomes. Haploid. The number of chromosomes in a gamete of an organism. Diploid.

Which of the best describes meiosis?

Meiosis is a process where a single cell divides twice to produce four cells containing half the original amount of genetic information. These cells are our sex cells – sperm in males, eggs in females. … Meiosis produces our sex cells or gametes? (eggs in females and sperm in males).

Are gametes formed by meiosis or mitosis?

Gametes are produced by mitosis (not meiosis) and after fertilization a diploid zygote is created. The single zygote cell never grows or divides my mitosis. It can only divide by meiosis to produce haploid cells once more, which then produce the main adult body.

What are gametes kids definition?

Kids Encyclopedia Facts. A gamete is a specialized sex cell that fuses with another gamete during fertilization (conception) in organisms that reproduce sexually. Gametes are produced by germ cells.

What is a sentence for gamete?

Gamete sentence example

In flowering plants, anther s produce pollen which contains male gametes, and the embryo sac within the ovary contains a female gamete . Gamete : The male sperm or female egg which fuse together to form a zygote.

What chromosomes mean?

(KROH-muh-some) A structure found inside the nucleus of a cell. A chromosome is made up of proteins and DNA organized into genes. Each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes.

What are gamete types?

In certain organisms, like humans, there are two morphologically distinct types of gametes: (1) the male gamete (i.e. sperm cell) and (2) the female gamete (i.e. ovum). The male gamete is smaller in size and motile whereas the female gamete is several times bigger and non-motile.

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Which correctly describes a haploid cell?

Which definition correctly describes a haploid cell during meiosis? a cell that has one complete set of chromosomes.

What is a gamete and how is it produced quizlet?

gamete. reproductive cells, sperm or egg. binary fission. form of asexual reproduction, produces identical offspring. gene.

How does a gamete differ from a body cell?

1. Body cells make up the body of any multicellular organism. … A body cell contains a complete number of chromosomes and is called a diploid cell while a gamete contains only half the number of chromosomes of its parent cell, and it is called a haploid cell.

What does haploid cell mean?

Haploid describes a cell that contains a single set of chromosomes. The term haploid can also refer to the number of chromosomes in egg or sperm cells, which are also called gametes. … The number of chromosomes in a single set is represented as n, which is also called the haploid number. In humans, n = 23.