Because of recombination and independent assortment in meiosis, each gamete contains a different set of DNA.
What are two ways that meiosis contributes to genetic variation?
There are two ways meiosis causes genetic diversity:
- recombination in prophase (meiosis I)
- reducing the number of chromosomes to half.
How does meiosis lead to variations in a population?
Meiosis leads to the formation of gametes which have half the number of chromosomes in the somatic body cells. This means two gametes should fuse together for a new individual to form. The two gametes coming from two different parents carry features from two individuals, and this is the first source of variation.
What are the 3 events in meiosis that contribute to genetic variation?
Three mechanisms that contribute to genetic variation include the independent assortment of chromosomes, crossing over, and random fertilization. In the independent assortment of chromosomes, homologous chromosomes orient randomly at metaphase 1 of meiosis.
Which processes increase variation during meiosis quizlet?
The two factors are: crossing-over and independent assortment. Crossing over: In Prophase I of Meiosis I, homologous chromosomes line up their chromatids and “cross-over”, or exchange corresponding segments of DNA with each other. This produces genetic variation by allowing more combinations of genes to be produced.
How are the processes of meiosis I and meiosis II different?
In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate, while in meiosis II, sister chromatids separate. Meiosis II produces 4 haploid daughter cells, whereas meiosis I produces 2 diploid daughter cells. Genetic recombination (crossing over) only occurs in meiosis I.