The conditions to maintain the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium are: no mutation, no gene flow, large population size, random mating, and no natural selection.
What are the conditions of the Hardy-Weinberg principle?
The Hardy–Weinberg principle relies on a number of assumptions: (1) random mating (i.e, population structure is absent and matings occur in proportion to genotype frequencies), (2) the absence of natural selection, (3) a very large population size (i.e., genetic drift is negligible), (4) no gene flow or migration, (5) …
What is an example of the Hardy-Weinberg principle?
For instance, a population containing the genotypes AA, aa and Aa, the frequency of AA will always be p2, aa will be q2, and Aa will be 2pq at equilibrium, where the p is the frequency of A and q is the frequency of a. Deviation from Hardy-Weinberg principle indicates evolution of species.
What is the Hardy-Weinberg principle and why is it important?
The Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) is an important fundamental principal of population genetics, which states that “genotype frequencies in a population remain constant between generations in the absence of disturbance by outside factors” (Edwards, 2008).
What assumptions must be met for a population to be in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?
The five assumptions of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium are a large population size, no natural selection, no mutation rate, no genetic drift, and random mating.
Which of the following is not a condition of Hardy-Weinberg?
Which of the following is NOT a condition of the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium? Mutations cannot occur in a population. Mating within a population must be random.
What phenomenon would violate the conditions for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?
In a relatively small population, a condition that violates the first Hardy-Weinberg assumption, it is possible for allele frequencies to have resulted from chance. This phenomenon is referred to as genetic drift.
What is homozygous condition?
Homozygous is a genetic condition where an individual inherits the same alleles for a particular gene from both parents.
What is the purpose of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium quizlet?
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium: the condition in which both allele and genotype frequencies in a population remain constant from generation to generation unless specific disturbances occur.
What are the assumptions of the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium quizlet?
What are the assumptions of Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium? large populations, no genetic drift, no natural selection/mutation or migration, no assortative mating /sexual selection or inbreeding.
Which of the following is an assumption of the Hardy-Weinberg model quizlet?
The Hardy-Weinberg model makes the following assumptions: no selection at the gene in question; no genetic drift; no gene flow; no mutation; random mating.