What are the 4 stages of mitosis and what happens in each?
1) Prophase: chromatin into chromosomes, the nuclear envelope break down, chromosomes attach to spindle fibres by their centromeres 2) Metaphase: chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate (centre of the cell) 3) Anaphase: sister chromatids are pulled to opposite poles of the cell 4) Telophase: nuclear envelope …
What are the stages of mitosis?
Today, mitosis is understood to involve five phases, based on the physical state of the chromosomes and spindle. These phases are prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
What are the stages of the cell cycle what happens in each stage?
The cell cycle is a four-stage process in which the cell increases in size (gap 1, or G1, stage), copies its DNA (synthesis, or S, stage), prepares to divide (gap 2, or G2, stage), and divides (mitosis, or M, stage). The stages G1, S, and G2 make up interphase, which accounts for the span between cell divisions.
What are the 4 stages of the cell cycle?
In eukaryotes, the cell cycle consists of four discrete phases: G1, S, G2, and M. The S or synthesis phase is when DNA replication occurs, and the M or mitosis phase is when the cell actually divides. The other two phases — G1 and G2, the so-called gap phases — are less dramatic but equally important.
What are the 4 stages of meiosis?
In each round of division, cells go through four stages: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
What is the first stage in mitosis?
Prophase is the first stage in mitosis, occurring after the conclusion of the G2 portion of interphase. During prophase, the parent cell chromosomes — which were duplicated during S phase — condense and become thousands of times more compact than they were during interphase.
What happens in the five stages of mitosis?
These phases occur in strict sequential order, and cytokinesis – the process of dividing the cell contents to make two new cells – starts in anaphase or telophase. Stages of mitosis: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase. Cytokinesis typically overlaps with anaphase and/or telophase.
What are the 3 stages of the cell cycle?
The cell cycle is composed of 3 main stages – interphase, mitosis and cytokinesis.
What are the 7 stages of the cell cycle?
Terms in this set (7)
- Interphase. Cell performs normal functions, Cell growth (G1 and g2), Synthesizes new molecules and organelles.
- Prophase. …
- Prometaphase. …
- Metaphase. …
- Anaphase. …
- Telophase. …
What are the five stages of the cell cycle?
In eukaryotes, the cell cycle consists of a long preparatory period, called interphase. Interphase is divided into G1, S, and G2 phases. The mitotic phase begins with karyokinesis (mitosis), which consists of five stages: prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.