The term, introduced by Walther Flemming, has multiple meanings: Simple and concise definition: Chromatin is a macromolecular complex of a DNA macromolecule and protein macromolecules (and RNA).
Who coined the term chromatin?
The term chromatin was coined by a German anatomist Walther Flemming.
How is chromatin made?
Chromatin is a mass of genetic material composed of DNA and proteins that condense to form chromosomes during eukaryotic cell division. … The nucleosome is further folded to produce a chromatin fiber. Chromatin fibers are coiled and condensed to form chromosomes.
What is chromatin structure?
Chromatin is a complex of macromolecules composed of DNA, RNA, and protein, which is found inside the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. … The primary protein components of chromatin are histones that help to organize DNA into “bead-like” structures called nucleosomes by providing a base on which the DNA can be wrapped around.
What is chromatin in a cell?
Chromatin is a substance within a chromosome consisting of DNA and protein. The DNA carries the cell’s genetic instructions. The major proteins in chromatin are histones, which help package the DNA in a compact form that fits in the cell nucleus.
Who coined the term chromatin to describe the thread like material of the nucleus?
Heterochromatin and Euchromatin
Flemming (1880) named the readily stainable material in nuclei as chromatin. It is present both during interphase and cell division (as the chromosomal material).
What is chromatin name two components of chromatin?
The two main components of chromatin are DNA and histones.
What term is also referred to as chromatin?
The formed protein/DNA complex is called chromatin. The basic structural unit of chromatin is the nucleosome.
Where is chromatin in a cell?
Chromatin is a complex of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. Nuclear DNA does not appear in free linear strands; it is highly condensed and wrapped around nuclear proteins in order to fit inside the nucleus.
How are chromosomes formed from chromatin?
The cellular DNA is replicated during interphase, resulting in the formation of two copies of each chromosome prior to the beginning of mitosis. As the cell enters mitosis, chromatin condensation leads to the formation of metaphase chromosomes consisting of two identical sister chromatids.
What is chromatin quizlet?
Chromatin. An organelle which forms chromosomes during cell division. Consists of DNA, RNA, and proteins. This organelle can have different structures (e.g.an “x” or lines spinning). This organelle is only found in a eukaryote cell.
Who coined the word cell?
In the 1660s, Robert Hooke looked through a primitive microscope at a thinly cut piece of cork. He saw a series of walled boxes that reminded him of the tiny rooms, or cellula, occupied by monks. Medical historian Dr. Howard Markel discusses Hooke’s coining of the word “cell.”
What does chromatin mean in Greek?
Chromatin was discovered by Walther Flemming in the 1880s, who noticed that the dense nucleic substance greatly absorbed certain dyes (hence the name “chromatin,” which derives from the Greek root “chroma” meaning “color”).