People with Down syndrome may have large tongues or they may have an average size tongue and a small upper jaw that makes their tongue too large for their mouth. It is also common for people with Down syndrome to have grooves and fissures on their tongues.
Why do Down syndrome babies have long tongues?
They have poor muscle tone
Since the tongue is a muscle, and is controlled by other muscles in the mouth, decreased muscle tone can cause the tongue to stick out more than usual. Several conditions may cause decreased muscle tone, such as Down syndrome, DiGeorge syndrome, and cerebral palsy.
Can a baby’s tongue be too long?
What is Pediatric Macroglossia (Large Tongue)? Children can either be born with (congenital) an enlarged tongue or develop it after birth (acquired) in response to a medical condition. This uncommon disorder can cause difficulties breathing, eating, sleeping, speaking and swallowing.
Can you tell right away if a baby has Down syndrome?
Down syndrome can also be diagnosed after a baby is born. Clinicians can usually tell if a baby should be tested for Down syndrome based on a physical examination. The first test, a rapid blood test (FISH), confirms the presence of extra material from chromosome 21. Results are available within a few days.
What are the oral manifestations of Down syndrome?
The most common orofacial findings in DS include mouth breathing, open bite, relatively enlarged and protruding tongue, drooling, fissured tongue, malocclusion, low level of dental caries and poor oral hygiene (1,2,4-6).
Is Macroglossia a feature in Down syndrome?
Conclusion: Children with Down syndrome do not have true macroglossia but have relatively large tongues compared to the bony confines of the oral cavity.
What does it mean if you have a long tongue?
talking too much or too openly, especially of private or confidential matters; chattering; gossipy.
Is having a long tongue genetic?
When it’s present at birth, it’s often caused by genetic disorders like Down syndrome or congenital hypothyroidism. It can also develop later in life due to physical trauma, acromegaly, acquired hypothyroidism, or inflammatory conditions. Symptoms of macroglossia include difficulty talking, breathing, and eating.
Are long tongues normal?
Macroglossia is the medical term for an unusually large tongue. Enlargement of the tongue can cause cosmetic and functional difficulties while speaking, eating, swallowing and sleeping. It’s quite uncommon and generally occurs in children.
What causes a large tongue?
Macroglossia is most often caused by an increase in the amount of tissue on the tongue, rather than by a growth, such as a tumor. This condition can be seen in certain inherited or congenital (existing at birth) disorders, including: Acromegaly (buildup of too much growth hormone in the body)
What are soft markers for Down syndrome?
The most commonly studied soft markers of aneuploidy include a thickened nuchal fold, long bones shortening, mild fetal pyelectasis, echogenic bowel, echogenic intracardiac focus, FMF angle > 90 degrees, pathologic velocity of Ductus venosus and choroid plexus cyst.
What are the signs of a Down syndrome baby?
At birth, babies with Down syndrome usually have certain characteristic signs, including:
- flat facial features.
- small head and ears.
- short neck.
- bulging tongue.
- eyes that slant upward.
- atypically shaped ears.
- poor muscle tone.
Do Down syndrome babies have big eyes?
Unusually Shaped Eyes
Many infants with down syndrome also have oddly shaped eyes in addition to discoloration in the eyes. An infant with down syndrome will commonly have eyes that slant upward, oftentimes with a fold of skin from the upper eyelid that covers one of the inner corners of the eye.
What is mild Down syndrome?
People with Down syndrome usually have an IQ (a measure of intelligence) in the mildly-to-moderately low range and are slower to speak than other children. Some common physical features of Down syndrome include: A flattened face, especially the bridge of the nose. Almond-shaped eyes that slant up. A short neck.