In eukaryotic cells, the production of new cells occurs as a result of mitosis and meiosis. These two nuclear division processes are similar but distinct. Both processes involve the division of a diploid cell, or a cell containing two sets of chromosomes (one chromosome donated from each parent).
What are both mitosis and meiosis involved with?
Mitosis and meiosis both represent cell division that occur in humans and other animals. These cell division processes share many aspects, including the production of new cells and replication of genetic material.
Does mitosis have chromosome?
The result of mitosis is two identical daughter cells, genetically identical to the original cell, all having 2N chromosomes.
What makes mitosis and meiosis similar?
The biggest similarity between the two is that they both produce new cells. … Both mitosis and meiosis begin with a single parent cell which eventually splits to form new daughter cells. They also both are preceded by interphase, a period of growth (sometimes lasting up to 90% of the cell’s life) when DNA is synthesized.
How are mitosis and meiosis similar and different?
Mitosis has only one round of cell division, while meiosis has two. … Mitosis produces daughter cells (diploid cells) that are identical to the parent cell, while mitosis produces haploid/monoploid cells that only have half of the normal number of chromosomes.
Which statement is true of both mitosis and meiosis?
The answer is D. Meiosis involves 2 rounds of cell division; mitosis involves one. Meiosis gives rise to 4 daughter cells; mitosis gives rise to 2. The 2 daughter cells of mitosis are identical to each other; the 4 daughter cells of meiosis are different from each other and different from the cell that produced them.
How are mitosis and meiosis similar and different quizlet?
Meiosis is a type of cell division that produces four cells, each with half of the number of chromosomes as the parent cell. … Mitosis produces 2 identical cells, while meiosis produces 4. Meiosis are genetically different, while mitosis is genetically identical.
How many chromosomes are in mitosis and meiosis?
Recall that there are two divisions during meiosis: meiosis I and meiosis II. The genetic material of the cell is duplicated during S phase of interphase just as it was with mitosis resulting in 46 chromosomes and 92 chromatids during Prophase I and Metaphase I.
Does mitosis or meiosis have 2 divisions?
Mitosis involves one cell division, whereas meiosis involves two cell divisions.
What happens to chromosomes during mitosis?
As mitosis progresses, the microtubules attach to the chromosomes, which have already duplicated their DNA and aligned across the center of the cell. The spindle tubules then shorten and move toward the poles of the cell. As they move, they pull the one copy of each chromosome with them to opposite poles of the cell.
During which phase of meiosis and mitosis will the state of the chromosome be the same?
During which phase of mitosis and meiosis will the state of the chromosome be the same? anaphase II and Anaphase. It is only during Metaphase II and Metaphase that the state of the chromosomes is the same.