During which phase of meiosis do the homologous chromosomes line up?

There are 4 sub-phases in meiosis I: • Prophase I: During prophase I, homologous chromosomes line up side by side. They are physically in contact with one another. This process is known as synapsis. Synapsis is when crossing over occurs.

During which phase of meiosis do the homologous chromosomes line up quizlet?

During metaphase I the bivalents (pairs of homologous chromosomes) are organized along the metaphase plate.

During which phase of meiosis do the homologous chromosomes line up across from each other in the center of the cell quizlet?

Homologous chromosomes line up at the center of the cell (Metaphase=They MEET in the MIDDLE) Equator of cell. Chromosomes gather at the poles. The cytoplasm divides. Sister Chromatids separate and move to opposite sides(poles) of the cell.

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During which phase of meiosis do homologous pairs of chromosomes line up next to one another along the equator?

The homologous pairs of chromosomes line up across from each other at the equator at metaphase I of meiosis.

During which phase in meiosis do homologous chromosomes line up on the metaphase plate?

In prophase I of meiosis, the homologous chromosomes form the tetrads. In metaphase I, these pairs line up at the midway point between the two poles of the cell to form the metaphase plate.

During which phase of meiosis do the homologous separate and head towards opposite poles of the cell?

During which phase of meiosis do the homologous chromosomes separate and head towards opposite poles of the cell? Answer: Anaphase I.

During which phase of meiosis do the homologous chromosome separate and head towards the opposite poles of the cell?

Nondisjunction can occur during anaphase of mitosis, meiosis I, or meiosis II. During anaphase, sister chromatids (or homologous chromosomes for meiosis I), will separate and move to opposite poles of the cell, pulled by microtubules.

What is metaphase?

Metaphase is a stage in the cell cycle where all the genetic material is condensing into chromosomes. … During this stage, the nucleus disappears and the chromosomes appear in the cytoplasm of the cell. During this stage in human cells, the chromosomes then become visible under the microscope.

When during meiosis does crossing over occur between homologous chromosomes?

Explanation: The crossing over of homologous chromosomes occurs in prophase I of meiosis. Prophase I of meiosis is characterized by the lining up of homologous chromosomes close together to form a structure known as a tetrad.

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Do homologous chromosomes separate during meiosis?

Homologous chromosomes are separated during anaphase of meiosis I. … Chromatids are separated during anaphase of meiosis II.

What is the main difference between metaphase I and metaphase II?

Metaphase 1 is associated with meiosis 1 whereas the metaphase 2 is associated with meiosis 2. The main difference between metaphase 1 and 2 is that chromosomes are attached as homologous pairs at the equator during the metaphase 1 and during metaphase 2, single chromosomes are attached at the equator.

How chromosomes line up during metaphase meiosis?

In metaphase II of meiosis, and metaphase of mitosis, chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate due to the action of microtubule spindle fibres emanating from the centrosomes located at opposite cell poles. These fibres are attached to the chromosomes by kinetochores at the centromeres of the chromosomes.

What happens during metaphase II?

During metaphase II, the centromeres of the paired chromatids align along the equatorial plate in both cells. Then in anaphase II, the chromosomes separate at the centromeres. The spindle fibers pull the separated chromosomes toward each pole of the cell. … Cytokinesis follows, dividing the cytoplasm of the two cells.

Why do homologous chromosomes pair up during meiosis?

The pairing up of homologous chromosomes during meiosis is important to promote genetic variation. Because of the genetic recombination that occurs between homologous pairs at meiosis, the resulting haploid gametes contain chromosomes that are genetically different from each other.