Down syndrome is a genetic condition that happens when a child is born with an extra chromosome. The extra chromosome affects the way the child’s brain and body develop, leading to developmental delays, intellectual disability and an increased risk for certain medical issues.
How does Down syndrome affect children’s development?
Down syndrome can affect learning abilities in different ways, but it usually causes mild to moderate intellectual impairment. Children with Down syndrome have delays in speech and motor skills, and may need help with self-care, such as dressing and grooming.
How does Down syndrome affect development and learning?
All children with Down’s syndrome suffer a degree of developmental difficulty; children with Down’s syndrome tend to develop slower than other children and they have trouble learning new concepts and retaining information.
Most children and adults with Down syndrome continue to develop good social skills and appropriate social behaviour, though a significant minority may develop difficult behaviours, particularly those with the greatest delays in speech and language development.
How does having Down syndrome affect cognitive development?
Cognitive impairment, problems with thinking and learning, is common in people with Down syndrome and usually ranges from mild to moderate. Only rarely is Down syndrome associated with severe cognitive impairment. Other common cognitive and behavioral problems may include1,2,3,4: Short attention span.
How does Down syndrome affect adolescence?
Adolescents with Down syndrome go through changes associated with puberty at the same time and in the same order as their peers. Sometimes their lack of emotional maturity makes this a very difficult time and they require plenty of information, support and guidance to help them through.
How does Down syndrome affect Behaviour?
While the number of compulsive behaviors in children with Down syndrome is no different than those in typical children at the same mental age, the frequency and intensity of the behavior is often greater. Increased levels of restlessness and worry may lead the child or adult to behave in a very rigid manner.
Is Down syndrome a learning difficulty?
A person with Down’s syndrome will have some degree of learning disability, but the level of ability will be different for each individual. A child with Down’s syndrome might take longer than other children their age to reach certain milestones and to develop certain skills.
What are the impacts of Down syndrome?
Having Down syndrome also increases the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Other problems. Down syndrome may also be associated with other health conditions, including endocrine problems, dental problems, seizures, ear infections, and hearing and vision problems.
How does Down syndrome affect families?
Like any child, those children with Down syndrome in cohesive and harmonious families were also less likely to have behavior problems and more likely to have higher levels of functioning. Mothers expressing poor relationships with the child and family were more likely to have high stress scores.
How does Down syndrome affect language development?
Most children with Down syndrome seem to have considerably more difficulty in learning the grammar and syntax of the language than with learning lexical items. Most children with Down syndrome show specific productive delays, first in being able to say single words and then in being able to produce sequences of words.
How does Down syndrome affect the brain?
We know that people with Down syndrome have difficulties with brain function, including problems with learning, memory and speech throughout life, as well as the onset in later life of increased cognitive problems associated with the brain changes of Alzheimer’s disease.
Is Down syndrome a developmental disability?
Developmental disabilities are severe, long-term problems. They may be physical, such as blindness. They may affect mental ability, such as learning disabilities. Or the problem can be both physical and mental, such as Down syndrome.
What challenges does a person with Down syndrome face?
Some of the conditions that occur more often among children with Down syndrome include:
- Heart defects. …
- Vision problems. …
- Hearing loss. …
- Infections. …
- Hypothyroidism. …
- Blood disorders. …
- Hypotonia (poor muscle tone). …
- Problems with the upper part of the spine.