Down syndrome can affect learning abilities in different ways, but it usually causes mild to moderate intellectual impairment. Children with Down syndrome have delays in speech and motor skills, and may need help with self-care, such as dressing and grooming.
How does Down syndrome affect intellectual disability?
Down syndrome is a chromosomal condition that is associated with intellectual disability, a characteristic facial appearance, and weak muscle tone (hypotonia) in infancy. All affected individuals experience cognitive delays, but the intellectual disability is usually mild to moderate.
What is intellect of people with Down syndrome?
Even though people with Down syndrome might act and look similar, each person has different abilities. People with Down syndrome usually have an IQ (a measure of intelligence) in the mildly-to-moderately low range and are slower to speak than other children.
How does having Down syndrome affect thinking planning and problem solving cognitive development?
[e.g.12,13] The questionnaire studies indicate that children with Down syndrome tend to show specific difficulties in working memory and planning but not in shifting or emotional control when compared with mental age matched typically developing children.
How does having Down syndrome affect cognitive development?
Cognitive impairment, problems with thinking and learning, is common in people with Down syndrome and usually ranges from mild to moderate. Only rarely is Down syndrome associated with severe cognitive impairment. Other common cognitive and behavioral problems may include1,2,3,4: Short attention span.
How does Down syndrome affect the brain?
We know that people with Down syndrome have difficulties with brain function, including problems with learning, memory and speech throughout life, as well as the onset in later life of increased cognitive problems associated with the brain changes of Alzheimer’s disease.
Most children and adults with Down syndrome continue to develop good social skills and appropriate social behaviour, though a significant minority may develop difficult behaviours, particularly those with the greatest delays in speech and language development.
How does Down syndrome affect a person emotionally?
The psychosocial and environmental triggers also lead to a state of generalized anxiety, obsessive compulsive symptoms, and depression and sleep difficulties. They may be associated with weight loss, poor self care, and inability to be motivated to attend school or go to work placements.
How does Down syndrome affect language development?
Most children with Down syndrome seem to have considerably more difficulty in learning the grammar and syntax of the language than with learning lexical items. Most children with Down syndrome show specific productive delays, first in being able to say single words and then in being able to produce sequences of words.
How does Down syndrome affect a child’s physical development?
Children with Down Syndrome are usually delayed in all areas of their development, e.g. gross and fine motor skills, communication and learning. If learning and understanding are very delayed, this affects how a child learns to move from one position to another and causes a delay in physical skills as well.
What happens when a child has Down syndrome?
In many important ways, children who have Down syndrome are very much like other children. They have the same moods and emotions, they like to learn new things, play, and enjoy life. You can help your child develop by providing as many chances as possible for him or her to do these things.
Do all Down syndrome have intellectual disability?
All people with Down’s syndrome will have some degree of intellectual disability. Children with Down’s syndrome do learn to walk, talk and be toilet trained but in general will meet these developmental milestones later than their non-disabled peers.
What challenges does a person with Down syndrome face?
Some of the conditions that occur more often among children with Down syndrome include:
- Heart defects. …
- Vision problems. …
- Hearing loss. …
- Infections. …
- Hypothyroidism. …
- Blood disorders. …
- Hypotonia (poor muscle tone). …
- Problems with the upper part of the spine.