How do you find the p value in Hardy Weinberg?
Since p = 1 – q and q is known, it is possible to calculate p as well. Knowing p and q, it is a simple matter to plug these values into the Hardy-Weinberg equation (p² + 2pq + q² = 1). This then provides the predicted frequencies of all three genotypes for the selected trait within the population.
What is P in the Hardy Weinberg equilibrium?
The Hardy-Weinberg equation is a mathematical equation that can be used to calculate the genetic variation of a population at equilibrium. … where p is the frequency of the “A” allele and q is the frequency of the “a” allele in the population.
How do you find P allele frequency?
Answer: The frequency of the dominant (normal) allele in the population (p) is simply 1 – 0.02 = 0.98 (or 98%). The percentage of heterozygous individuals (carriers) in the population. Answer: Since 2pq equals the frequency of heterozygotes or carriers, then the equation will be as follows: 2pq = (2)(. 98)(.
What does P and Q stand for in the Hardy-Weinberg equation?
In order to express Hardy Weinberg principle mathematically , suppose “p” represents the frequency of the dominant allele in gene pool and “q” represents the frequency of recessive allele.
Is PP genotype or phenotype?
There are three available genotypes, PP (homozygous dominant ), Pp (heterozygous), and pp (homozygous recessive). All three have different genotypes but the first two have the same phenotype (purple) as distinct from the third (white).
How do you calculate heterozygosity?
The calculation of heterozygosity can be done directly by adding the frequency of the (three) heterozygote classes directly, or by adding the frequencies of the (three) homozygote classes and subtracting the total from unity.
Which allele is represented by the P variable in the Hardy-Weinberg equation?
According to the Hardy-Weinberg principle, the variable p often represents the frequency of a particular allele, usually a dominant one. For example, assume that p represents the frequency of the dominant allele, Y, for yellow pea pods.
How do you calculate W Bar?
Take the Hardy-Weinberg equation and multiply each term (the frequency of each genotype) by the fitness of that genotype. Add those up and you get the mean fitness, w (“w-bar”).