During (metaphase I) the bivalents (pairs of homologous chromosomes) are organized along the metaphase plate.
During which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes line up in the center of the cell?
During metaphase, the cell’s chromosomes align themselves in the middle of the cell through a type of cellular “tug of war.” The chromosomes, which have been replicated and remain joined at a central point called the centromere, are called sister chromatids.
During which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes line up in the center of the cell quizlet?
Metaphase occurs in the middle of mitosis, when the chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell.
In what stage of meiosis do chromosome pairs line up in the middle of the cell?
Explanation: In metaphase I, homologous chromosomes line up along the center of the cell in order to be pulled apart. Recall that during meiosis I, homologous chromosomes pair, cross over, and separate.
What phase comes between G1 and G2 phase?
|1.||S phase or synthesis phase is the second sub-phase of interphase.|
|2.||It occurs in between the G1 (Gap 1) phase and G2 (Gap 2) phase.|
|3.||It is the phase of the cell cycle in which DNA replication takes place.|
At which phase in mitosis are chromosomes lined up at the metaphase plate?
Figure 3: (a) Metaphase and (b) Anaphase. In metaphase (a), the microtubules of the spindle (white) have attached and the chromosomes have lined up on the metaphase plate.
At what stage during mitosis does the nuclear envelope break up?
Prometaphase is the second phase of mitosis, the process that separates the duplicated genetic material carried in the nucleus of a parent cell into two identical daughter cells. During prometaphase, the physical barrier that encloses the nucleus, called the nuclear envelope, breaks down.
What are the 4 stages of the cell cycle?
In eukaryotes, the cell cycle consists of four discrete phases: G1, S, G2, and M. The S or synthesis phase is when DNA replication occurs, and the M or mitosis phase is when the cell actually divides. The other two phases — G1 and G2, the so-called gap phases — are less dramatic but equally important.
During which phase of meiosis do the homologous chromosomes line up across from each other in the center of the cell quizlet?
Homologous chromosomes line up at the center of the cell (Metaphase=They MEET in the MIDDLE) Equator of cell. Chromosomes gather at the poles. The cytoplasm divides. Sister Chromatids separate and move to opposite sides(poles) of the cell.
At which stage in mitosis and meiosis do chromosomes always line up at the equator of the spindle?
During metaphase II, sister chromatids are condensed and aligned at the equator of the cell. During anaphase II sister chromatids are pulled apart by the kinetochore microtubules and move toward opposite poles.
What are the stages of mitosis and meiosis?
Meiosis and mitosis both have a prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase and cytokinesis.
What are the 5 stages of meiosis?
Explanation: Meiosis-I has Prophase-I, Metaphase-I, Anaphase-I and Telophase-I. Prophase-I is sub-divided into Leptotene, Zygotene, Pachytene, Diplotene and Diakinesis.
What phase comes after G2 phase?
Interphase is composed of G1 phase (cell growth), followed by S phase (DNA synthesis), followed by G2 phase (cell growth). At the end of interphase comes the mitotic phase, which is made up of mitosis and cytokinesis and leads to the formation of two daughter cells.
Which stage of cell cycle do the following events occur in cell A Synapsis B chromosomes at Equatorial plate D centromere divide and chromatids separate?
In meiosis-i, the pairing between homologous chromosomes occurs in the zygotene stage of prophase-i. The zygotene is followed by the pachytene stage, where crossing over between homologous chromosomes takes place.
What is S phase in cell cycle?
S phase is the period of wholesale DNA synthesis during which the cell replicates its genetic content; a normal diploid somatic cell with a 2N complement of DNA at the beginning of S phase acquires a 4N complement of DNA at its end.