Is Down syndrome a disability or special needs?

Down syndrome is the most common and readily identifiable chromosomal condition associated with intellectual disabilities. It is caused by a chromosomal abnormality: for some un- known reason, an accident in cell development results in 47 instead of the usual 46 chro- mosomes.

Is Down’s syndrome classed as a disability?

Down’s syndrome is the commonest identifiable cause of intellectual disability, accounting for around 15-20% of the intellectually disabled population. It is believed that people with Down’s syndrome have always existed.

What is Down’s syndrome classed as?


Down syndrome is usually caused by an error in cell division called “nondisjunction.” Nondisjunction results in an embryo with three copies of chromosome 21 instead of the usual two. Prior to or at conception, a pair of 21st chromosomes in either the sperm or the egg fails to separate.

Can you get benefits for Down syndrome?

Disability Living Allowance (DLA) – a non means-tested benefit for children with a disability or illness. It is intended to help with extra disability related costs. This is the main ‘extra’ benefit for children who have Down’s syndrome. You can spend DLA in any way that benefits your child.

Does Down syndrome qualify for SSI?

The Social Security Administration’s Blue Book confirms that children diagnosed with Trisomy 21 or Translocation Down Syndrome automatically medically qualify to receive SSI benefits.

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Do people with Down syndrome need special equipment?

These devices can be anything from hearing aids, pencil/pen grips, seat cushions and walking aids to large-button mobile phones and large-letter keyboards. Touchscreen tablets and computers are useful for children with Down Syndrome who struggle with performing fine motor movements.

How do I apply for SSI for my child with Down syndrome?

You can call the SSA to make an appointment to apply in person at 1-800-772-1213. It typically takes six months for the SSA to process a claim, but because most people with Down syndrome medically qualify your child could be approved in a matter of weeks.

Can you get disability for a baby with Down syndrome?

Most children with Down’s syndrome will qualify for Disability Living Allowance.