Is Down syndrome a disorder or disability?

Down syndrome varies in severity among individuals, causing lifelong intellectual disability and developmental delays. It’s the most common genetic chromosomal disorder and cause of learning disabilities in children. It also commonly causes other medical abnormalities, including heart and gastrointestinal disorders.

Is Down’s syndrome classed as a disability?

Down’s syndrome is the commonest identifiable cause of intellectual disability, accounting for around 15-20% of the intellectually disabled population. It is believed that people with Down’s syndrome have always existed.

Is Down syndrome a condition or disorder?

Down syndrome is a condition in which a person has an extra chromosome. Chromosomes are small “packages” of genes in the body. They determine how a baby’s body forms and functions as it grows during pregnancy and after birth. Typically, a baby is born with 46 chromosomes.

What kind of disability is Down syndrome?

Down syndrome is a chromosomal condition that is associated with intellectual disability, a characteristic facial appearance, and weak muscle tone (hypotonia) in infancy. All affected individuals experience cognitive delays, but the intellectual disability is usually mild to moderate.

Can you get benefits for Down syndrome?

Disability Living Allowance (DLA) – a non means-tested benefit for children with a disability or illness. It is intended to help with extra disability related costs. This is the main ‘extra’ benefit for children who have Down’s syndrome. You can spend DLA in any way that benefits your child.

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Can people with Down syndrome drive?

Down Syndrome Driving Classses

Many people with Down Syndrome lead independent lives, this includes being able to drive. If a person with Down syndrome can read and pass a driver’s education class and pass a road test, then they can get a driver’s license.

Is Down syndrome autism?

Symptoms occur on a spectrum ranging from mild to severe, and are characterized by challenges in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors. Current research suggests between 8 and 18 percent of individuals with Down syndrome may also have autism.

How serious is Down syndrome?

Potentially serious complications — The most serious complications of Down syndrome include heart defects, blood disorders that can include leukemia (cancer of the blood), and immune system problems. Heart defects — Approximately half of all babies with Down syndrome are born with (often repairable) heart defects.