NDSS uses the preferred spelling, Down syndrome, rather than Down’s syndrome. Down syndrome is named for the English physician John Langdon Down, who characterized the condition, but did not have it. An “apostrophe s” connotes ownership or possession.
Why is Down’s syndrome called Down’s?
A: Down syndrome is named after John Langdon Down, a British physician who first fully described the characteristics of the syndrome in 1866. Some countries, most notably the U.K. and Australia, refer to it as Down’s syndrome.
Is it politically correct to say Down syndrome?
People with Down syndrome should always be referred to as people first. Instead of “a Down syndrome child,” it should be “a child with Down syndrome.” Also avoid “Down’s child” and describing the condition as “Down’s,” as in, “He has Down’s.”
Is Downs short for Down syndrome?
Down syndrome or Down’s syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21.
|Other names||Down’s syndrome, Down’s, trisomy 21|
|Illustration of the facial features of Down syndrome|
|Specialty||Medical genetics, pediatrics|
Do you say Downs or downs?
While Down syndrome is listed in many dictionaries with both popular spellings (with or without an apostrophe “s”), the preferred usage in the United States is Down syndrome. This is because an apostrophe “s” indicates ownership or possession.
What is another term for Down syndrome?
A medical term for having an extra copy of a chromosome is ‘trisomy. ‘ Down syndrome is also referred to as Trisomy 21. This extra copy changes how the baby’s body and brain develop, which can cause both mental and physical challenges for the baby.
What Animals Get Down syndrome?
Down syndrome occurs when a person’s cells contain a third copy of chromosome 21 (also known as trisomy 21). In turn, apes have 24 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 48. Trisomy 22 is diagnosed when the cells of apes such as chimpanzees, gorillas or orangutans contain a third copy of chromosome 22.
What is the correct way to write Down syndrome?
The correct name of this diagnosis is Down syndrome. There is no apostrophe (Down). The “s” in syndrome is not capitalized (syndrome).
Is Down syndrome autism?
Symptoms occur on a spectrum ranging from mild to severe, and are characterized by challenges in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors. Current research suggests between 8 and 18 percent of individuals with Down syndrome may also have autism.