Question: Is scoliosis common with Down syndrome?

Conclusions: Scoliosis developed in 8.7% of patients with Down syndrome. There was a high rate of cardiac surgery within this population.

Does Down syndrome affect the spine?

​Children with Down syndrome are at increased risk of developing compression of the spinal cord called atlantoaxial instability. This problem is caused by a combination of low tone, loose ligaments and bony changes. The spinal cord can be pressed by the bones and cause nerve damage.

Who is most likely to be affected by scoliosis?

Anyone can get scoliosis. However, the most common type usually occurs in children age 11 and older. Girls are more likely than boys to have this type of scoliosis. You are more likely to have scoliosis if your parent, brother, or sister has it.

What syndrome is scoliosis?

Diseases associated with scoliosis include, but are not limited to, Down syndrome, Marfan syndrome, neurofibromatosis, Rett syndrome, achondroplasia, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Friedrich’s ataxia, and Osteogenesis Imperfecta.

What is the life expectancy of someone with scoliosis?

A number of people with mild to moderate scoliosis lead healthy and productive lives with a life expectancy that is relatively normal.

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Do all Down syndrome have intellectual disability?

All people with Down’s syndrome will have some degree of intellectual disability. Children with Down’s syndrome do learn to walk, talk and be toilet trained but in general will meet these developmental milestones later than their non-disabled peers.

How do you know if your infant has Down syndrome?

Some common physical features of Down syndrome include:

  1. A flattened face, especially the bridge of the nose.
  2. Almond-shaped eyes that slant up.
  3. A short neck.
  4. Small ears.
  5. A tongue that tends to stick out of the mouth.
  6. Tiny white spots on the iris (colored part) of the eye.
  7. Small hands and feet.

Is scoliosis hereditary or genetic?

Strong evidence suggests that scoliosis runs in families. Nearly a third of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis have a family history of the condition. First-degree relatives of scoliosis patients have an 11 percent chance of developing it.

Is scoliosis a autoimmune disease?

Most of the autoimmune disorders that can lead to scoliosis affect the muscles that support and hold the spine in a healthy alignment. Idiopathic Scoliosis is the more common of the two. Although they do not know what actually causes this type of scoliosis research has pointed to a genetic link.

Is scoliosis a chronic illness?

Scoliosis is a long-term (chronic) disease that can worsen over time. Sometimes a curved spine that develops during infancy or early childhood may go unnoticed and untreated until the teenage years.

What are the 3 types of scoliosis?

Most experts feel there are three categories of scoliosis. idiopathic, congenital, and neuromuscular. Idiopathic is the most common type of scoliosis. This means that the cause is unknown or that there is no single factor that contributes to the development of the disease.

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Can scoliosis cause brain problems?

Conclusions: Neurological symptoms and deficits are common among adults with scoliosis. Development of neurological symptoms and/or deficits is strongly associated with the decision to pursue operative treatment.

What is juvenile idiopathic scoliosis?

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that appears in late childhood or adolescence. Instead of growing straight, the spine develops a side-to-side curvature, usually in an elongated “S” or “C” shape; the bones of the spine are also slightly twisted or rotated.