Question: What is a genotype in biology?

In a broad sense, the term “genotype” refers to the genetic makeup of an organism; in other words, it describes an organism’s complete set of genes. … A particular genotype is described as homozygous if it features two identical alleles and as heterozygous if the two alleles differ.

What is a genotype simple definition?

A genotype is the genetic arrangement that makes up the traits that an organism inherited from its parents. Genotype can also mean the entire collection of genes an offspring inherited from its parents.

What is a genotype and give an example?

An organism’s genotype is its specific combination of alleles for a given gene. So, for example, in the pea plants above, the possible genotypes for the flower-color gene were red-red, red-white, and white-white. The phenotype is the physical manifestation of an organism’s allellic combination (genotype).

What are 3 examples of genotype?

Examples of Genotype:

  • Height. For an individual’s gene makeup there is tall variety (T) and there is short variety (s). T and s are called the alleles. …
  • Freckles or no freckles. Again the information that is passed from parent to child is carried in the cell of the genotype. …
  • Lactose intolerance.

What is genotype AS and AA?

If the dominant allele is labeled as “A” and the recessive allele, “a”, three different genotypes are possible: “AA”, “aa”, and “Aa”. The term “homozygous” is used to describe the pairs “AA” and “aa” because the alleles in the pair are the same, i.e. both dominant or both recessive.

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What is the function of genotype?

Genotype is the genetic make-up of an individual organism. Your genotype functions as a set of instructions for the growth and development of your body. The word ‘genotype’ is usually used when talking about the genetics of a particular trait (like eye colour).

How do I know my genotype?

Sometimes a genetic test will give you your genotype. Sometimes you just need a bit of genetic luck in your family tree to figure it out. And sometimes you can tell the two genotypes apart just by looking at someone. An obvious way to figure out you genotype is to have a genetic test done.

How do you describe genotypes?

In a broad sense, the term “genotype” refers to the genetic makeup of an organism; in other words, it describes an organism’s complete set of genes. … A particular genotype is described as homozygous if it features two identical alleles and as heterozygous if the two alleles differ.

Can As marry as?

However, AS and AS should not marry because there is every chance of having a child with Sickle Cell Disease, while AS and SS shouldn’t think of marrying. And definitely, SS and SS must not marry since there’s absolutely no chance of escaping having a child with the sickle cell disease.

What is AA genotype sickness?

Children with genotype AA (92.3%) were more susceptible to malaria parasite than AS (5.1%) and SS (2.6%). The association of haemoglobin genotype with malaria was highly significant (p<0.001).

Can As marry as and give birth to AA?

AA marries an AS. You’ll end up with kids with AA and AS which is good. But sometimes if you’re not lucky all the kids will be AS which limits their choice of partner. AS and AS should not marry, there is every chance of having a child with SS.

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