In multicellular plants and animals, however, meiosis is restricted to the germ cells, where it is key to sexual reproduction. Whereas somatic cells undergo mitosis to proliferate, the germ cells undergo meiosis to produce haploid gametes (the sperm and the egg).
Where does meiosis undergo?
Meiosis occurs in the primordial germ cells, cells specified for sexual reproduction and separate from the body’s normal somatic cells. In preparation for meiosis, a germ cell goes through interphase, during which the entire cell (including the genetic material contained in the nucleus) undergoes replication.
Where in the body do cells undergo mitosis?
The answer lies in the cellular process of mitosis. Mitosis is the process by which eukaryotic cells divide. You should remember from our study on cells that a eukaryotic cell contains a nucleus. Most of your cells are eukaryotic, so most of your cells –skin cells, lung cells, and stomach cells – — undergo mitosis.
What cell types undergo meiosis?
What types of cells undergo meiosis? Only those that produce gametes, e.g. eggs in females and sperm in males.
Do body cells undergo meiosis?
In humans, special cells called germ cells undergo meiosis and ultimately give rise to sperm or eggs. … By the end of meiosis, the resulting reproductive cells, or gametes, each have 23 genetically unique chromosomes. The overall process of meiosis produces four daughter cells from one single parent cell.
Where in the body does mitosis and meiosis occur?
In the Body
Because mitosis takes place throughout your lifetime and in multiple organs, it occurs more often than meiosis, which is limited to the reproductive organs during gamete formation.
Where does cell division occur in the cell?
Mitosis is a process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells that occurs when a parent cell divides to produce two identical daughter cells. During cell division, mitosis refers specifically to the separation of the duplicated genetic material carried in the nucleus.
Why do cells undergo mitosis?
Mitosis is a process where a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells (cell division). … The major purpose of mitosis is for growth and to replace worn out cells.
What type of cells generally undergo mitosis what type of cells undergo meiosis?
1) Somatic cells undergo mitosis whereas gamete cells undergo meiosis. Mitosis takes place throughout the lifetime of an organism.
Why do somatic cells undergo mitosis?
In multicellular organisms, somatic (body) cells undergo mitosis to provide new cells for growth or to replace cells that have been damaged and died.