What are chromosome 17 traits?

Human chromosome 17 is implicated in a wide range of human genetic diseases. It is home to genes involved in early-onset breast cancer (BRCA1), neurofibromatosis (NF1) and the DNA damage response (TP53 encoding the p53 protein).

What does your 17th chromosome do?

The RARA gene on chromosome 17 provides instructions for making a transcription factor called the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARα). A transcription factor is a protein that attaches (binds) to specific regions of DNA and helps control the activity (transcription) of particular genes.

What is the chromosome 17 mutation?

17q12 deletion syndrome is a condition that results from the deletion of a small piece of chromosome 17 in each cell. The deletion occurs on the long (q) arm of the chromosome at a position designated q12. The signs and symptoms of 17q12 deletion syndrome vary widely, even among affected members of the same family.

What is chromosome 17p13?

Abstract. Chromosome 17p13. 3 is a region of genomic instability that is linked to different rare neurodevelopmental genetic diseases, depending on whether a deletion or duplication of the region has occurred. Chromosome microdeletions within 17p13.

Do chromosomes have traits?

Conclusion: Traits are found on chromosomes.

What are the characteristics of Williams syndrome?

Newborns with Williams syndrome have characteristic “elfin-like” facial features including an unusually small head (microcephaly), full cheeks, an abnormally broad forehead, puffiness around the eyes and lips, a depressed nasal bridge, broad nose, and/or an unusually wide and prominent open mouth.

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What is Wolf Hirschhorn Syndrome?

Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is a condition that affects many parts of the body. The major features of this disorder include a characteristic facial appearance, delayed growth and development, intellectual disability, and seizures.

What is Miller dieker syndrome?

Miller-Dieker syndrome is a condition characterized by a pattern of abnormal brain development known as lissencephaly. Normally the exterior of the brain (cerebral cortex ) is multi-layered with folds and grooves. People with lissencephaly have an abnormally smooth brain with fewer folds and grooves.

What chromosome is the BRCA gene on?

Two cancer susceptibility genes, BRCA1 on chromosome 17q12-21 and BRCA2 on chromosome 13q12-13, are thought to be responsible for approximately 80% of families containing multiple cases of early-onset female breast cancer.

What does Cri du Chat mean?

Cri du chat syndrome is a rare genetic disorder caused by missing pieces on a particular chromosome. It is not the result of anything the parents have done or failed to do. The characteristics of a newborn with cri du chat syndrome include a high-pitched cry, a small head and a flattened bridge of the nose.