What are three types of hereditary diseases?

What are three hereditary diseases?

6 Most Common Hereditary Diseases

  • Sickle Cell Disease. Sickle cell disease is a hereditary disease caused by mutations in one of the genes that encode the hemoglobin protein. …
  • Cystic Fibrosis. …
  • Tay-Sachs. …
  • Hemophilia. …
  • Huntington’s Disease. …
  • Muscular Dystrophy.

Which one is the hereditary disease?

D) Phenylketonuria also known as PKU is a hereditary disorder that occurs when the gene that helps in creating the enzyme needed to break down the phenylalanine is defective. Thus the correct option is D) Phenylketonuria.

Is asthma a hereditary disease?

Your inherited genetic makeup predisposes you to having asthma. In fact, it’s thought that three-fifths of all asthma cases are hereditary. According to a CDC report, if a person has a parent with asthma, they are three to six times more likely to develop asthma than someone who does not have a parent with asthma.

Is diabetes a hereditary disease?

Diabetes is a hereditary disease, which means that the child is at high risk of developing diabetes compared to the general population at the given age. Diabetes can be inherited from either mother or father.

What causes a genetic disease?

Genetic disorders can be caused by a mutation in one gene (monogenic disorder), by mutations in multiple genes (multifactorial inheritance disorder), by a combination of gene mutations and environmental factors, or by damage to chromosomes (changes in the number or structure of entire chromosomes, the structures that …

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Is pneumonia a hereditary disease?

Genetic factors can increase the risk of respiratory infections, including acute bronchitis and pneumonia. Most often, genetic polymorphisms underlie vulnerability to recurrent infections, but in rare cases monogenic defects are responsible (table 1).

Is influenza hereditary?

Although genetic risk factors for influenza infection have not yet been defined in people, differences in genetic background and related variation in the response to infection, as well as viral virulence, are all likely to influence both the likelihood of infection and disease severity.

Is eczema inherited?

Eczema appears to be caused by an interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Not everyone who develops eczema has a family history of the condition. However, having a parent or sibling who has eczema increases the chances that you’ll develop it too.

Is hypertension inherited?

Hypertension tends to run in families. Individuals whose parents have hypertension have an elevated risk of developing the condition, particularly if both parents are affected. However, the inheritance pattern is unknown. Rare, genetic forms of hypertension follow the inheritance pattern of the individual condition.