What do FR and W mean in genotypes?
The white fur coat allele would be represented by an F (for “fur”) with a “W” subscript and a brown fur coat allele would be represented by an F with a “B” subscript.
What does F stand for in genotype?
One allele codes for purple flowers and is represented by the uppercase letter F, whereas the second codes for white flowers and is represented by the lowercase letter f. A varied population of sweet pea plants could therefore feature three possible genotypes at this locus: FF, Ff, or ff.
What do the two letters of the genotype represent?
genotype = the genes of an organism; for one specific trait we use two letters to represent the genotype. A capital letter represents the dominant form of a gene (allele), and a lowercase letter is the abbreviation for the recessive form of the gene (allele).
What does W mean in genetics?
The wild type (WT) is the phenotype of the typical form of a species as it occurs in nature. Originally, the wild type was conceptualized as a product of the standard “normal” allele at a locus, in contrast to that produced by a non-standard, “mutant” allele.
How are alleles symbolized?
A standard convention used to symbolize alleles for very simple Mendelian traits is that the initial letter of the name of a recessive trait, lowercased and italicized, denotes the recessive allele, and the same letter in uppercase refers to the dominant allele.
What is the meaning of AA genotype?
The term “homozygous” is used to describe the pairs “AA” and “aa” because the alleles in the pair are the same, i.e. both dominant or both recessive. In contrast, the term “heterozygous” is used to describe the allelic pair, “Aa”.
What does genotype GG mean?
An organism that has an identical pair of alleles for a trait is called homozygous. The true-breeding parents GG and gg are homozygous for the pod color gene. Organisms that have two different alleles for a gene are called heterozygous (Gg). … An organism’s genotype results in an organism’s phenotype.
What is meant by F1?
F1 hybrid is a term used in genetics and selective breeding. F1 stands for Filial 1, the first filial generation seeds/plants or animal offspring resulting from a cross-mating of distinctly different parental types.
What are 3 examples of genotype?
Examples of Genotype:
- Height. For an individual’s gene makeup there is tall variety (T) and there is short variety (s). T and s are called the alleles. …
- Freckles or no freckles. Again the information that is passed from parent to child is carried in the cell of the genotype. …
- Lactose intolerance.
What is my genotype?
In a nutshell: your genotype is your complete heritable genetic identity; the sum total of genes transmitted from parent to offspring. There are four hemoglobin genotypes (hemoglobin pairs/formations) in humans: AA, AS, SS and AC (uncommon).