What does heterozygous mean in biology?

The presence of two different alleles at a particular gene locus. A heterozygous genotype may include one normal allele and one mutated allele or two different mutated alleles (compound heterozygote).

What are examples of heterozygous?

Heterozygous means that an organism has two different alleles of a gene. For example, pea plants can have red flowers and either be homozygous dominant (red-red), or heterozygous (red-white). If they have white flowers, then they are homozygous recessive (white-white). Carriers are always heterozygous.

What is homozygous and heterozygous in biology?

Homozygous and heterozygous are terms that are used to describe allele pairs. Individuals carrying two identical alleles (RR or rr) are known as homozygous. While individual organisms bearing different alleles (Rr) are known as heterozygous.

What is the difference between heterozygous and heterozygote?

Heterozygous. A diploid organism is heterozygous at a gene locus when its cells contain two different alleles (one wild-type allele and one mutant allele) of a gene. The cell or organism is called a heterozygote specifically for the allele in question, and therefore, heterozygosity refers to a specific genotype.

Does heterozygous mean carrier?

If the alleles are heterozygous, the dominant allele would express itself over the recessive allele, resulting in brown eyes. At the same time, the person would be considered a “carrier” of the recessive allele, meaning that the blue eye allele could be passed to offspring even if that person has brown eyes.

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What is heterozygous class 10th?

Heterozygous is the state in which an organism has inherited different forms of a particular gene from each one of the biological parents.

What is homozygous biology?

(HOH-moh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two identical alleles at a particular gene locus. A homozygous genotype may include two normal alleles or two alleles that have the same variant.

What does heterozygous mean in Punnett Squares?

When talking about Punnett squares, it is important to know what the terms heterozygous and homozygous mean. Heterozygous refers to a genotype with two different alleles (i.e. Bb, Rr, etc.) and homozygous refers to a genotype with two of the same alleles (i.e. BB, bb, etc.).