During mitosis, the chromosomes, which have already duplicated, condense and attach to spindle fibers that pull one copy of each chromosome to opposite sides of the cell. The result is two genetically identical daughter nuclei. … Mitosis occurs only in eukaryotic cells.
What happens in animal mitosis?
Mitosis is a cell division that occurs in animal cells where each mother cell divides into 2 daughter cells. … Keep in mind that interphase is not a phase of mitosis, it is just a preparatory phase that precedes mitosis.
What are the stages of mitosis in an animal cell?
Mitosis has four stages: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
What is the role of mitosis in the animal body?
Animal cells, like human cells, use mitosis to grow larger cells, replace damaged cells and repair injured tissue. Mitosis of an animal cell is an asexual reproductive process that produces two exact copies of a cell. Cellular growth and protein synthesis occur in interphase of the cell cycle.
How is mitosis different in animal cells?
Mitosis is different in plant and animal cells by the way cytokinesis takes place in them. In animals, cytokinesis takes place through the formation of a furrow in the plasma membrane whereas, in the case of plants, cytokinesis takes place through the formation of a cell wall.
What happens during prophase of mitosis?
Prophase is the first phase of mitosis, the process that separates the duplicated genetic material carried in the nucleus of a parent cell into two identical daughter cells. During prophase, the complex of DNA and proteins contained in the nucleus, known as chromatin, condenses.
What happens during interphase in an animal cell?
During interphase, the cell grows and the nuclear DNA is duplicated. Interphase is followed by the mitotic phase. During the mitotic phase, the duplicated chromosomes are segregated and distributed into daughter nuclei. The cytoplasm is usually divided as well, resulting in two daughter cells.
What happens during the 4 phases of mitosis?
1) Prophase: chromatin into chromosomes, the nuclear envelope break down, chromosomes attach to spindle fibres by their centromeres 2) Metaphase: chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate (centre of the cell) 3) Anaphase: sister chromatids are pulled to opposite poles of the cell 4) Telophase: nuclear envelope …
What is the function of mitosis in animal cells quizlet?
What is the function of mitosis? Its function is the growth and repair of body cells.
What are 2 differences between plant and animal mitosis?
Cell division consists of steps that lead to the creation of another cell. When plants and animals reproduce their cells asexually, the process is known as mitosis. … Plants have both a cell membrane and a cell wall, whereas animal cells have no cell wall. Animals also have cell centrioles, but higher plants don’t.
What are the main differences between mitosis in animal and plant cells quizlet?
Animal cells divide by a cleavage furrow. Plant cells divide by a cell plate that eventually becomes the cell wall. Cytoplasm and cell membranes are necessary for cytokinesis in both plants and animals.