Codominance is a relationship between two versions of a gene. Individuals receive one version of a gene, called an allele, from each parent. … In codominance, however, neither allele is recessive and the phenotypes of both alleles are expressed.
What happens when two alleles unite?
When gametes unite during fertilization, the resulting zygote inherits two alleles for each gene. One allele comes from each parent. The alleles an individual inherits make up the individual’s genotype. The two alleles may be the same or different.
What happens when two alleles blend?
Codominance occurs when the alleles do not show any dominant and recessive allele relationship. However, each allele from homozygote is able to add phenotypic expressions in the offspring or simply the “mix” of each allele. The offspring’s phenotype is an intermediate of the parents’ homozygous traits.
Which term describes an organism’s allele pairs?
Genotype. the organism’s allele pairs. Phenotype. the observable characteristic or outward expression of an allele pair.
Which is the correct term for having two identical alleles for a gene?
An organism in which the two copies of the gene are identical — that is, have the same allele — is called homozygous for that gene.
Where do the two alleles come from?
An individual inherits two alleles for each gene, one from each parent. If the two alleles are the same, the individual is homozygous for that gene. If the alleles are different, the individual is heterozygous.
What does multiple allele mean?
Definition of multiple allele
: an allele of a genetic locus having more than two allelic forms within a population.
What is it called when two genes are in a cell and one gene’s phenotype is expressed and one is not?
= Codominance is a relationship between two versions of a gene. Individuals receive one version of a gene, called an allele, from each parent. If the alleles are different, the dominant allele usually will be expressed, while the effect of the other allele, called recessive, is masked.
What is the meaning of genotypes?
In a broad sense, the term “genotype” refers to the genetic makeup of an organism; in other words, it describes an organism’s complete set of genes. … Humans are diploid organisms, which means that they have two alleles at each genetic position, or locus, with one allele inherited from each parent.
What does AA genotype mean?
The term “homozygous” is used to describe the pairs “AA” and “aa” because the alleles in the pair are the same, i.e. both dominant or both recessive. In contrast, the term “heterozygous” is used to describe the allelic pair, “Aa”.
Which term refers to the outward expression of an allele pair *?
The observable characteristic or outward expression of an allele pair is called the phenotype.
What is the term heterozygous?
(HEH-teh-roh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two different alleles at a particular gene locus. A heterozygous genotype may include one normal allele and one mutated allele or two different mutated alleles (compound heterozygote).
What’s a homozygous genotype?
(HOH-moh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two identical alleles at a particular gene locus. A homozygous genotype may include two normal alleles or two alleles that have the same variant.
What is an example of homozygous?
You can have brown eyes whether you’re homozygous (two alleles for brown eyes) or heterozygous (one for brown and one for blue). This is unlike the allele for blue eyes, which is recessive. You need two identical blue eye alleles in order to have blue eyes.