What is the characteristic of Down syndrome?

A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are low muscle tone, small stature, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm – although each person with Down syndrome is a unique individual and may possess these characteristics to different degrees, or not at all.

What are the characteristics of a child with Down syndrome?

Some common physical features of Down syndrome include:

  • A flattened face, especially the bridge of the nose.
  • Almond-shaped eyes that slant up.
  • A short neck.
  • Small ears.
  • A tongue that tends to stick out of the mouth.
  • Tiny white spots on the iris (colored part) of the eye.
  • Small hands and feet.

What are the characteristic symptoms of Down syndrome?

Small head, ears, and mouth. Upward slanting eyes, often with a skin fold that comes out from the upper eyelid and covers the inner corner of the eye. White spots on the colored part of the eye (called Brushfield spots) Wide, short hands with short fingers.

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What are the social characteristics of Down syndrome?

On the other hand, many children with Down syndrome have strong social skills. Even as infants, many use non-verbal communication to connect with others. They are often strong visual learners, understanding information best when they can see it, either through pictures, objects or demonstration.

What are 5 facts about Down syndrome?

13 Facts About Down Syndrome That Parents Should Know

  • Down syndrome is named after John Langdon Down. …
  • Down syndrome is caused by an extra chromosome. …
  • Experts don’t fully understand why it occurs. …
  • Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal condition. …
  • There are three types of Down syndrome.

What are the symptoms of Down syndrome in pregnancy?

Signs and Symptoms of Down Syndrome

  • Flat face with an upward slant to the eyes.
  • Short neck.
  • Abnormally shaped or small ears.
  • Protruding tongue.
  • Small head.
  • Deep crease in the palm of the hand with relatively short fingers.
  • White spots in the iris of the eye.
  • Poor muscle tone, loose ligaments, excessive flexibility.

Did you know facts about Down syndrome?

One in every 691 babies in the U.S. is born with Down syndrome, making it the most common chromosomal condition. There are more than 400,000 people living with Down syndrome in the U.S. In 1983, the average life expectancy of a person with Down syndrome was a mere 25-years-old. Today, it’s 60.

What are the characteristics of Williams syndrome?

Newborns with Williams syndrome have characteristic “elfin-like” facial features including an unusually small head (microcephaly), full cheeks, an abnormally broad forehead, puffiness around the eyes and lips, a depressed nasal bridge, broad nose, and/or an unusually wide and prominent open mouth.

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What are the types of Down syndrome?

There are three types of Down syndrome:

  • Trisomy 21. This is by far the most common type, where every cell in the body has three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two.
  • Translocation Down syndrome. In this type, each cell has part of an extra chromosome 21, or an entirely extra one. …
  • Mosaic Down syndrome.

What are signs of Down syndrome on ultrasound?

Certain features detected during a second trimester ultrasound exam are potential markers for Down’s syndrome, and they include dilated brain ventricles, absent or small nose bone, increased thickness of the back of the neck, an abnormal artery to the upper extremities, bright spots in the heart, ‘bright’ bowels, mild …

Is Down syndrome recessive or dominant?

Like cystic fibrosis, Down’s Syndrome is autosomal recessive. This means that the condition is genetic and passed down by the mother and/or the father but the condition is not shown in the parents. An autosomal recessive disorder requires two copies of the abnormal gene for the disease or trait to develop.

What are 3 facts about Down syndrome?

Facts About Down Syndrome

  • Down syndrome occurs in approximately one in 700 births. …
  • There are three types of Down syndrome. …
  • Down syndrome has been depicted in historical paintings from the 15th and 16th centuries. …
  • Prenatal screening for Down syndrome is available. …
  • Other health problems can occur with Down syndrome.

How does Down syndrome affect someone?

An individual with Down syndrome inherits all or part of an extra copy of Chromosome 21. Symptoms associated with the syndrome include mental retardation, distinctive facial characteristics, and increased risk for heart defects and digestive problems, which can range from mild to severe.

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Who does Down syndrome affect the most?

Younger women have babies more frequently, so the number of babies with Down syndrome are higher in that group. However, moms who are older than 35 are more likely to have a baby affected by the condition.