Autism is a lifelong, nonprogressive neurological disorder typically appearing before the age of three years. The word “autism” means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and non-verbal communication and social interaction.
What is the legal definition of autism?
(1) (i) Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
What are the 3 main characteristics of autism?
The primary characteristics are 1) poorly developed social skills, 2) difficulty with expressive and receptive communication, and 3) the presence of restrictive and repetitive behaviors. Young children who have poorly developed social skills may have inappropriate play skills.
What is the current diagnosis for autism?
DSM-5 and autism diagnosis
There’s now a single diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder that replaces the different subcategories that were used previously – autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder and pervasive developmental disorder – not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).
What are 4 symptoms of autism?
At any age
- Loss of previously acquired speech, babbling or social skills.
- Avoidance of eye contact.
- Persistent preference for solitude.
- Difficulty understanding other people’s feelings.
- Delayed language development.
- Persistent repetition of words or phrases (echolalia)
- Resistance to minor changes in routine or surroundings.
What are 5 common signs of autism?
Common signs of autism
- Avoiding eye contact.
- Delayed speech and communication skills.
- Reliance on rules and routines.
- Being upset by relatively minor changes.
- Unexpected reactions to sounds, tastes, sights, touch and smells.
- Difficulty understanding other people’s emotions.
What are some autistic tendencies?
They can include:
- Repetitive body movements (e.g. rocking, flapping, spinning, running back and forth)
- Repetitive motions with objects (e.g. spinning wheels, shaking sticks, flipping levers)
- Staring at lights or spinning objects.
- Ritualistic behaviors (e.g. lining up objects, repeatedly touching objects in a set order)
What are some behaviors of autism?
Examples of restricted or repetitive interests and behaviors related to ASD can include:
- Lines up toys or other objects and gets upset when order is changed.
- Repeats words or phrases over and over (i.e., echolalia)
- Plays with toys the same way every time.
- Is focused on parts of objects (e.g., wheels)
What are the 4 types of autism?
Before 2013, healthcare professionals defined the four types of autism as:
- autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
- Asperger’s syndrome.
- childhood disintegrative disorder.
- pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified.
What is a Level 3 autism diagnosis?
ASD level 3 is characterized by severe challenges in social communication as well as extremely inflexible behavior. Children with level 3 autism will be nonverbal or have the use of only a few words of intelligible speech. Initiation of social interaction is very limited, as well as response to others.
What does Level 1 autism look like?
Defining the Traits and Behaviors of Level 1 Autism
Inflexibility in behavior and thought. Difficulty switching between activities. Problems with executive functioning which hinder independence. Atypical response to others in social situations.