What is the most common cause of death in Down syndrome?

Heart and lung diseases are the leading causes of death for persons with Down syndrome. Pneumonia and infectious lung disease, congenital heart defect (CHD) and circulatory disease (vascular diseases not including CHD or ischaemic heart disease) account for ∼75% of all deaths in persons with Down syndrome.

Can Down syndrome cause early death?

Results: People with Down syndrome died about 28 years younger than the general population. Congenital heart anomalies, comorbidities, low birthweight, and Black and minority ethnicity influenced earlier age of death, as did younger maternal age and poorer parental education.

What is the average age of death for Down syndrome?

Today the average lifespan of a person with Down syndrome is approximately 60 years. As recently as 1983, the average lifespan of a person with Down syndrome was 25 years. The dramatic increase to 60 years is largely due to the end of the inhumane practice of institutionalizing people with Down syndrome.

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What is the most common and serious medical condition found in persons with Down syndrome?

Heart defects.

Almost one-half of babies with Down syndrome have congenital heart disease (CHD), the most common type of birth defect.

What causes most of the deaths in infancy and childhood for someone with Down syndrome?

The most significant cause of death in children with Down’s syndrome was cardio-respiratory diseases (80.5 per cent). Mortality was especially high in both winter and spring. No correlation was observed between the early deaths and the distributions of paternal and maternal age at childbirth.

What gender is Down syndrome most common in?

Down syndrome appears to be more common among boys than girls, the study indicates. The condition is also seen more frequently in Hispanic children at birth, though the number of these children appears to level off with that of white children as they age. Black children appear less likely to have Down syndrome.

Is Down syndrome inherited from the mother or father?

Is it inherited? Most of the time, Down syndrome isn’t inherited. It’s caused by a mistake in cell division during early development of the fetus. Translocation Down syndrome can be passed from parent to child.

What race is Down syndrome most common in?

Results: The odds ratio and population attributable risk of Down syndrome due to maternal age of 35 years or older were highest for Mexican Americans, intermediate for African Americans, and lowest for non-Hispanic Whites.

What organ is most affected by Down syndrome?

Down syndrome, the most common chromosome-related genetic condition in the U.S., affects development of the brain and body. People with Down syndrome face physical and mental challenges, but can lead full and happy lives.

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What is considered high risk for Down syndrome?

Patients are more likely to have a baby with Down syndrome or another chromosome abnormality when they are age 35 or older, or if they have already had a child with such an abnormality. These patients are considered “high-risk” and have additional testing options.

Can a Down syndrome person have a normal baby?

Misconception: People who have Down syndrome cannot have children. Reality: It’s true that a person with Down syndrome may have significant challenges in rearing a child. But women who have Down syndrome are fertile and can give birth to children.

How common is Down syndrome in pregnancy?

The chance of having a child with Down syndrome increases over time. The risk is about 1 in 1,250 for a woman who conceives at age 25. It increases to about 1 in 100 for a woman who conceives at age 40. The risks may be higher.

Does Down syndrome run in the family?

Does Down Syndrome Run in Families? All 3 types of Down syndrome are genetic conditions (relating to the genes), but only 1% of all cases of Down syndrome have a hereditary component (passed from parent to child through the genes). Heredity is not a factor in trisomy 21 (nondisjunction) and mosaicism.

How common is Down syndrome worldwide?

The estimated incidence of Down syndrome is between 1 in 1,000 to 1 in 1,100 live births worldwide. Each year, approximately 3,000 to 5,000 children are born with this chromosome disorder.