In metaphase (a), the microtubules of the spindle (white) have attached and the chromosomes have lined up on the metaphase plate. During anaphase (b), the sister chromatids are pulled apart and move toward opposite poles of the cell. Following prometaphase, metaphase begins.
In which phase would the chromosomes line up at the metaphase plate?
The stage of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at the metaphase plate is known as metaphase.
During which phase does the chromosomes line up?
Metaphase. Next, chromosomes assume their most compacted state during metaphase, when the centromeres of all the cell’s chromosomes line up at the equator of the spindle. Metaphase is particularly useful in cytogenetics, because chromosomes can be most easily visualized at this stage.
What is it called when chromosomes line up randomly during metaphase?
Law of Independent Assortment. Chromosomes line up randomly during metaphase therefore it is possible for any combination of chromosomes to be passed on from parent to offspring. Karyotype. A diagram that shows homologous chromosome pairs. Protein.
What happens during metaphase?
Metaphase is a stage in the cell cycle where all the genetic material is condensing into chromosomes. These chromosomes then become visible. During this stage, the nucleus disappears and the chromosomes appear in the cytoplasm of the cell.
What is S phase in cell cycle?
S phase is the period of wholesale DNA synthesis during which the cell replicates its genetic content; a normal diploid somatic cell with a 2N complement of DNA at the beginning of S phase acquires a 4N complement of DNA at its end.
How is metaphase I different from metaphase in mitosis?
In metaphase I of meiosis, tetrads align on the metaphase plate. In metaphase of mitosis, individual chromosomes align there. In anaphase I of meiosis, centromeres don’t divide, and sister chromatids don’t separate. … In mitosis, there is only one division and it produces two daughter cells.
Which step of mitosis involves the chromosomes lining up in the center of the cell metaphase prophase anaphase telophase?
During metaphase, the chromosomes align at the center of the cell. During anaphase, the sister chromatids are separated and pulled to opposite ends of the cell. During telophase, the nuclear envelope begins to re-form around the divided chromatids.
What are the 4 stages of the cell cycle?
In eukaryotes, the cell cycle consists of four discrete phases: G1, S, G2, and M. The S or synthesis phase is when DNA replication occurs, and the M or mitosis phase is when the cell actually divides. The other two phases — G1 and G2, the so-called gap phases — are less dramatic but equally important.
How do chromosomes line up during metaphase in mitosis?
In metaphase II of meiosis, and metaphase of mitosis, chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate due to the action of microtubule spindle fibres emanating from the centrosomes located at opposite cell poles. These fibres are attached to the chromosomes by kinetochores at the centromeres of the chromosomes.
What is this called when chromosomes line up randomly in the middle?
From The School of Biomedical Sciences Wiki. Jump to: navigation, search. During metaphase of meiosis I, synapsed pairs of homologous chromosomes (known as bivalents or tetrads) are lined up on an imaginary plane in the middle of the cell called the metaphase plate.
What happens during metaphase II?
During metaphase II, the centromeres of the paired chromatids align along the equatorial plate in both cells. Then in anaphase II, the chromosomes separate at the centromeres. The spindle fibers pull the separated chromosomes toward each pole of the cell. … Cytokinesis follows, dividing the cytoplasm of the two cells.
What happens during G1 phase?
G1 phase. G1 is an intermediate phase occupying the time between the end of cell division in mitosis and the beginning of DNA replication during S phase. During this time, the cell grows in preparation for DNA replication, and certain intracellular components, such as the centrosomes undergo replication.
What happens during G1 phase apex?
In G1, cells accomplish most of their growth; they get bigger in size and make proteins and organelles needed for normal functions of DNA synthesis. Here, proteins and RNAs are synthesized, and, more especially the centromere and the other components of the centrosomes are made.