The sum of an organism’s observable characteristics is their phenotype. A key difference between phenotype and genotype is that, whilst genotype is inherited from an organism’s parents, the phenotype is not. Whilst a phenotype is influenced the genotype, genotype does not equal phenotype.
What are 3 examples of genotype?
Examples of Genotype:
- Height. For an individual’s gene makeup there is tall variety (T) and there is short variety (s). T and s are called the alleles. …
- Freckles or no freckles. Again the information that is passed from parent to child is carried in the cell of the genotype. …
- Lactose intolerance.
What is a phenotype and not genotype?
A person’s genotype is their unique sequence of DNA. More specifically, this term is used to refer to the two alleles a person has inherited for a particular gene. Phenotype is the detectable expression of this genotype – a patient’s clinical presentation.
What is a genotype compared to a phenotype?
Genotype versus Phenotype: A Fundamental Distinction
The combination of alleles possessed by an individual for a specific gene gives us the genotype. The combination of alleles possessed by an individual for a specific gene gives us the genotype. … The phenotype, however, relates to the observable traits of an organism.
Which are phenotypes?
A phenotype is an individual’s observable traits, such as height, eye color, and blood type. The genetic contribution to the phenotype is called the genotype. Some traits are largely determined by the genotype, while other traits are largely determined by environmental factors.
What does AA genotype mean?
The term “homozygous” is used to describe the pairs “AA” and “aa” because the alleles in the pair are the same, i.e. both dominant or both recessive. In contrast, the term “heterozygous” is used to describe the allelic pair, “Aa”.
What is genotype compatibility?
Genotype can be simply defined as the genetic constitution of an individual organism. This is different from your phenotype which is a description of your actual physical characteristics.
Is BB a genotype or phenotype?
An organism with two dominant alleles for a trait is said to have a homozygous dominant genotype. Using the eye color example, this genotype is written BB. An organism with one dominant allele and one recessive allele is said to have a heterozygous genotype. In our example, this genotype is written Bb.
What are the 6 possible genotypes?
A description of the pair of alleles in our DNA is called the genotype. Since there are three different alleles, there are a total of six different genotypes at the human ABO genetic locus. The different possible genotypes are AA, AO, BB, BO, AB, and OO.
Is PP genotype or phenotype?
There are three available genotypes, PP (homozygous dominant ), Pp (heterozygous), and pp (homozygous recessive). All three have different genotypes but the first two have the same phenotype (purple) as distinct from the third (white).