Cells that undergo mitosis duplicate their chromosomes, resulting in cells with two times their normal haploid or diploid numbers (4N chromosomes). Newly-synthesized chromosomes remain closely associated with their like-chromosome. These two identical chromosomes are called sister chromatids.
What happens when a somatic cell undergoes mitosis?
The somatic cell cycles discussed so far in this chapter result in diploid daughter cells with identical genetic complements. Whereas somatic cells undergo mitosis to proliferate, the germ cells undergo meiosis to produce haploid gametes (the sperm and the egg). …
When a cell undergoes mitosis what is the result?
During mitosis, a eukaryotic cell undergoes a carefully coordinated nuclear division that results in the formation of two genetically identical daughter cells.
What somatic cells undergo this process?
1) Somatic cells undergo mitosis whereas gamete cells undergo meiosis. Mitosis takes place throughout the lifetime of an organism.
What is the purpose of somatic cells?
Somatic cells are the cells of the body that make up different tissues and organs. They are therefore important because they make up various parts of the body including all the internal organs, the connective tissue, and bones among others.
What are the cells that undergo mitosis?
Somatic cells, adult stem cells, and the cells in the embryo are the three types of cells in the body that undergo mitosis. Mitosis is a process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells that occurs when a parent cell divides to produce two identical daughter cells.
Why do somatic cells only undergo mitosis not meiosis?
somatic cells in animals can only undergo mitosis . Meiosis takes place in reproduction cells where the cells divide following procedural sequence.In a nutshell ,meiosis is for reproduction purposes while mitosis is for growth of new cells of other body parts ,somatic cells.
What type of cells undergo mitosis quizlet?
most eukaryotic cells reproduce asexually go through mitosis. sperm and ova (germ cells) do not. what does the n stand for in 2n=46? the amount of chromosomes.
Is somatic cells mitosis or meiosis?
Somatic cells—that is, the cells in your body that aren’t sex cells—do this via a process called mitosis. New sex cells, or gametes, are produced via a different process, called meiosis.
What does somatic cell and gamete cell mean?
Somatic cells and gametes are two types of cells which are involved in asexual and sexual reproduction of organisms, respectively. Somatic cells can be found everywhere in the body whereas gametes are restricted to reproductive organs. Male gametes are called as sperms while female gametes are called as ova.
What do somatic cells and germ cells particularly contribute in our body?
For example, in mammals, somatic cells make up all the internal organs, skin, bones, blood and connective tissue, while mammalian germ cells give rise to spermatozoa and ova which fuse during fertilization to produce a cell called a zygote, which divides and differentiates into the cells of an embryo.