Homozygous: Having the same allele at the same locus on both members of a pair of homologous chromosomes. Homozygous also refers to a genotype consisting of two identical alleles of a gene for a particular trait. An individual may be homozygous dominant (AA) or homozygous recessive (aa).
What is an example of a homozygous allele pair?
You can have brown eyes whether you’re homozygous (two alleles for brown eyes) or heterozygous (one for brown and one for blue). This is unlike the allele for blue eyes, which is recessive. You need two identical blue eye alleles in order to have blue eyes.
Which pair of alleles is heterozygous?
When the two alleles are not identical, the pair is heterozygous. In contrast, an identical pair is homozygous. The traits actually expressed by a heterozygous pair of alleles depend on the relationship between the two alleles and possibly the effects of other genes.
Is BB heterozygous or homozygous?
A bull with two alleles for a black coat is homozygous (BB). A calf that has one allele for red coat color and one allele for black coat color is heterozygous (Bb). Heterozygous individuals contain two different alleles which results in conflicting instructions.
What is heterozygous allele?
The presence of two different alleles at a particular gene locus. A heterozygous genotype may include one normal allele and one mutated allele or two different mutated alleles (compound heterozygote).
What is heterozygous and homozygous examples?
Heterozygous means that an organism has two different alleles of a gene. For example, pea plants can have red flowers and either be homozygous dominant (red-red), or heterozygous (red-white). If they have white flowers, then they are homozygous recessive (white-white). Carriers are always heterozygous.
Is EE heterozygous or homozygous?
The individual is homozygous for the trait when it has two identical alleles. In the example above about earlobes, both the EE and ee individuals are homozygous for the trait. The person with the Ee genotype is heterozygous for the trait, in this case, free earlobes.
Which genotype is homozygous recessive?
Finally, the genotype of an organism with two recessive alleles is called homozygous recessive. In the eye color example, this genotype is written bb. Of these three genotypes, only bb, the homozygous recessive genotype, will produce a phenotype of blue eyes.
What represents homozygous and heterozygous allele?
An organism that is homozygous has two copies of the same allele. An allele is one version, like a “flavor”, of a gene. … Homozygous means having two of the same allele. Heterozygous means having two different alleles.
What’s an organism’s genotype?
A genotype is an individual’s collection of genes. The term also can refer to the two alleles inherited for a particular gene. The genotype is expressed when the information encoded in the genes’ DNA is used to make protein and RNA molecules.
Which is heterozygous TT or TT?
If an organism has two different alleles (Tt) for a certain gene, it is known as heterozygous (hetero means different).
Genotype and Phenotype.
|Heterozygous||One dominant allele and one recessive allele||Tt|
|Homozygous dominant||Two dominant alleles||TT|
What is an example of heterozygous genotype?
Together, these alleles are called a genotype. If the two versions are different, you have a heterozygous genotype for that gene. For example, being heterozygous for hair color could mean you have one allele for red hair and one allele for brown hair.
Is HH homozygous or heterozygous?
Half the possible offspring will be homozygous, HH, and half will be heterozygous, Hh.
What is the genotype of BB and BB?
Genotypes with two alleles that are the same, i.e. ‘BB’ and ‘bb’, are known as homozygous genotypes and genotypes with two different alleles are known as heterozygous genotypes.
Is AA homozygous dominant?
Two dominant alleles (AA) or two recessive alleles (aa) are homozygous. One dominant allele and one recessive allele (Aa) is heterozygous.