Germ cells can divide by mitosis to make more germ cells, but some of them undergo meiosis, making haploid gametes (sperm and egg cells). Fertilization involves the fusion of two gametes, usually from different individuals, restoring the diploid state.
Does fertilization occur in mitosis or meiosis?
Meiosis occurs before fertilization.
Does fertilization occur after meiosis?
Meiosis occurs before fertilization, since it’s the process that makes the cells that fertilize.
Does fertilization initiate mitosis?
During fertilization the sperm and egg unite to form a single cell called the zygote which contains chromosomes from both the sperm and egg. The zygote undergoes mitosis to begin development of the human embryo which eventually becomes a baby.
Does fertilization occur in mitosis?
The fertilized cell is a zygote. The zygote undergoes mitosis to form two identical cells that remain attached. This takes place about 36 hours after fertilization. Mitosis then occurs more frequently.
Does mitosis occur in egg cells?
You read earlier that some cells in humans do not undergo mitosis. Two particular cells that reproduce through another method are sperm cells and egg cells, also called gametes. Instead of mitosis, gametes reproduce through a process called meiosis.
Does mitosis occur after meiosis?
Meiosis I is followed by meiosis II, which resembles mitosis in that the sister chromatids separate and segregate to different daughter cells. Completion of meiosis II thus results in the production of four haploid daughter cells, each of which contains only one copy of each chromosome.
What is mitosis involved in?
Mitosis is a process where a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells (cell division). During mitosis one cell? divides once to form two identical cells. The major purpose of mitosis is for growth and to replace worn out cells.
Why must meiosis occur prior to fertilization?
Meiosis only occurs in reproductive cells, as the goal is to create haploid gametes that will be used in fertilization. Meiosis is important to, but not the same as, sexual reproduction. Meiosis is necessary for sexual reproduction to occur, as it results in the formation of gametes (sperm and eggs).