Down syndrome varies in severity among individuals, causing lifelong intellectual disability and developmental delays. It’s the most common genetic chromosomal disorder and cause of learning disabilities in children. It also commonly causes other medical abnormalities, including heart and gastrointestinal disorders.
How does Down syndrome affect a person?
An individual with Down syndrome inherits all or part of an extra copy of Chromosome 21. Symptoms associated with the syndrome include mental retardation, distinctive facial characteristics, and increased risk for heart defects and digestive problems, which can range from mild to severe.
How does Down syndrome affect someone’s daily life?
Some babies are born with a condition called Down syndrome. Kids with Down syndrome often have medical problems and trouble learning. But many can go to regular schools, make friends, enjoy life, and get jobs when they’re older.
How does Down syndrome affect quality of life?
Children with Down syndrome have a higher incidence of infection, respiratory, vision and hearing problems as well as thyroid and other medical conditions. However, with appropriate medical care most children and adults with Down syndrome can lead healthy lives.
What challenges does a person with Down syndrome face?
Some of the conditions that occur more often among children with Down syndrome include:
- Heart defects. …
- Vision problems. …
- Hearing loss. …
- Infections. …
- Hypothyroidism. …
- Blood disorders. …
- Hypotonia (poor muscle tone). …
- Problems with the upper part of the spine.
Can a person with Down syndrome have a normal baby?
Misconception: People who have Down syndrome cannot have children. Reality: It’s true that a person with Down syndrome may have significant challenges in rearing a child. But women who have Down syndrome are fertile and can give birth to children.
How does Down syndrome affect the brain?
We know that people with Down syndrome have difficulties with brain function, including problems with learning, memory and speech throughout life, as well as the onset in later life of increased cognitive problems associated with the brain changes of Alzheimer’s disease.
Most children and adults with Down syndrome continue to develop good social skills and appropriate social behavior, though a significant minority may develop difficult behaviors, particularly those with the greatest delays in speech and language development.
How does Down syndrome affect childhood?
Motor skills develop at a slower rate for children with Down syndrome than for those without. These delays in motor development reduce infants’ opportunities for exploring and learning about the world around them and therefore further affect cognitive development.
How old is the oldest person with Down syndrome?
He has defied the odds to reach the ripe old age of 78 after medics feared he would never see his teenage years. Niece Nikki Wright, 44, from East Leake, who visits him every week, said: “It’s brilliant he is now officially the oldest person in the country with Down’s syndrome.
How do you interact with someone with Down syndrome?
Always speak directly with the person with Down syndrome, not the person with them. Give them time to respond. Take their lead on what support they need to communicate. Know that every person with Down syndrome is unique, with their individual personality, strengths and support needs.
How does Down syndrome affect adulthood?
Old age is associated with an increased risk of developing minor cognitive difficulties and the development of more serious mental health problems, such as depression and dementia, as well as physical illnesses.